Historical Page List

API endpoint for viewing page history.

Filter fields

You can filter the result set by providing the following query parameters:

  • name -- Filter by name, exact.
  • slug -- Filter by page slug. Supports the standard lookup types
  • region -- Filter by region. Allows for chained filtering on all of the filters available on the region resource, e.g. region__slug.

And the usual set of historical filter fields:

  • history_user - filter by the user resource of the editor, if user was logged in. Allows for chained filtering on all of the filters available on the user resource, e.g. history_user__username.
  • history_user_ip - filter by the IP address of the editor.
  • history_date - filter by history date. Supports the standard lookup types
  • history_type - filter by history type id, exact.

Ordering

You can order the result set by providing the ordering query parameter with the value of one of:

  • slug
  • history_date

You can reverse ordering by using the - sign, e.g. -slug.

GET /api/v4/pages_history/
HTTP 200 OK Vary: Accept Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8 Allow: GET, HEAD, OPTIONS
{ "count": 1148723, "next": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/?p=2", "previous": null, "results": [ { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376708/", "name": "Users/wrinklesschminkles", "slug": "users/wrinklesschminkles", "content": "<p>\n\tWrinkles Schminkles</p>\n<p>\n\t1300 620 122</p>\n<p>\n\t7/4 Young Street, Neutral Bay 2089. NSW States</p>\n<p>\n\tWrinkles Schminkles is a global leader in non-invasive, anti-ageing wrinkle treatments, that work! Famous for its 100% Medical Grade Silicone Patches for wrinkles, it continues' to innovate with high-tech biocellulose hydrating sheet masks, an anti ageing serum, a silicone patch cleanser and booster products that only add value to your skincare regime.</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/3/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T20:37:28.701", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/102954/", "history_user_ip": "110.54.248.19" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376707/", "name": "Users/wrinklesschminkles", "slug": "users/wrinklesschminkles", "content": "<p>\n\tWrinkles Schminkles</p>\n<p>\n\t1300 620 122</p>\n<p>\n\t7/4 Young Street, Neutral Bay 2089. NSW States</p>\n<p>\n\thttps://wrinklesschminkles.com.au/</p>\n<p>\n\tWrinkles Schminkles is a global leader in non-invasive, anti-ageing wrinkle treatments, that work! Famous for its 100% Medical Grade Silicone Patches for wrinkles, it continues' to innovate with high-tech biocellulose hydrating sheet masks, an anti ageing serum, a silicone patch cleanser and booster products that only add value to your skincare regime.</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/3/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T20:36:32.522", "history_type": 0, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/102954/", "history_user_ip": "110.54.248.19" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376706/", "name": "Henry A. Schulze", "slug": "henry a. schulze", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>Henry Atherton Schulze</strong> (c.1853 \u2013 June 14, 1926) was an architect, noted for designing the\u00a0<a href=\"First%20Church%20of%20Christ%2C%20Scientist\">First Church of Christ, Scientist</a> at 1701 Franklin.</p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://pcad.lib.washington.edu/person/1716/\">Henry Atherton Schulze</a> on PCAD</li>\n</ul>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T19:20:50.844", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/3242/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1702:2770:bc20:b0a7:be88:37c2:9622" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376705/", "name": "KalkiPurana", "slug": "kalkipurana", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>\u0995\u09b2\u09cd\u0995\u09bf \u09aa\u09c1\u09b0\u09be\u09a3\u00a0</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u0987\u09b9\u09be \u098f\u0995\u099f\u09bf \u0989\u09aa-\u09aa\u09c1\u09b0\u09be\u09a3\u0964\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/3/", "history_comment": "Doesn't belong here", "history_date": "2020-10-19T18:13:15.951", "history_type": 2, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/382/", "history_user_ip": "142.105.251.222" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376704/", "name": "\u09ae\u09a7\u09cd\u09af\u09af\u09c1\u0997\u09c7 \u09ac\u09be\u0982\u09b2\u09be\u09df \u09b8\u09c2\u09ab\u09c0 \u098f\u09ac\u0982 \u09a4\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ad\u09c2\u09ae\u09bf\u0995\u09be", "slug": "\u09ae\u09a7\u09af\u09af\u0997 \u09ac\u09b2\u09af \u09b8\u09ab \u098f\u09ac \u09a4\u09a6\u09b0 \u09ad\u09ae\u0995", "content": "<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u09ac\u09be\u0982\u09b2\u09be\u09df \u09b9\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a6\u09c1 \u09b6\u09be\u09b8\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09aa\u09a4\u09a8 \u098f\u09ac\u0982 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\u09b8\u09c7 \u09ac\u09bf\u09b7\u09df\u09c7 \u0986\u09ae\u09bf \u098f\u0995\u09ae\u09a4\u0964 \u09a4\u09be\u09b0\u09be\u0993 \u0995\u09a5\u09bf\u09a4 \u09b9\u09ac\u09c7\u09a8 \u098f\u0995\u09c7\u0995\u099c\u09a8 \u09b8\u09c2\u09ab\u09c0 \u09b8\u09be\u09a7\u0995 \u09a8\u09be\u09ae\u09c7, \u09af\u09be\u09b0\u09be \u09b8\u09be\u09a7\u09be\u09b0\u09a3 \u09ae\u09be\u09a8\u09c1\u09b7\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u0985\u09a7\u09bf\u0995\u09be\u09b0 \u09b0\u0995\u09cd\u09b7\u09be\u09b0 \u099c\u09a8\u09cd\u09af \u09b2\u09dc\u09be\u0987 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7 \u0997\u09c7\u099b\u09c7\u09a8\u0964 \u00a0\u00a0\u00a0</p>\n<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u09aa\u09b0\u09ac\u09b0\u09cd\u09a4\u09c0 \u09aa\u09c3\u09b7\u09cd\u09a0\u09be\u09df \u09b8\u09c2\u09ab\u09c0\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u0995\u09b0\u09cd\u09ae\u09aa\u09b0\u09bf\u0995\u09b2\u09cd\u09aa\u09a8\u09be \u098f\u09ac\u0982 \u09ac\u09bf\u09ad\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8 \u0987\u09b8\u09b2\u09be\u09ae\u09bf\u0995 \u099c\u0999\u09cd\u0997\u09bf \u0997\u09cb\u09b7\u09cd\u09a0\u09c0\u0997\u09c1\u09b2\u09cb\u09b0 \u0995\u09b0\u09cd\u09ae\u09aa\u09b0\u09bf\u0995\u09b2\u09cd\u09aa\u09a8\u09be \u09aa\u09be\u09b6\u09be\u09aa\u09be\u09b6\u09bf \u099a\u09be\u09b0\u09cd\u099f \u0986\u0995\u09be\u09b0\u09c7 \u09a6\u09c7\u0996\u09be\u09a8\u09cb \u09b9\u09b2\u0983</p>\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/Capture.PNG\" style=\"width: 900px; height: 854px;\"></span></p>\n<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u09a8\u09bf\u099a\u09c7 \u09ac\u09be\u0982\u09b2\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09b6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ac\u09c7\u09b6 \u0995\u09df\u09c7\u0995\u099c\u09a8 \u09b8\u09c1\u09ab\u09c0 \u09b8\u09be\u09a7\u0995\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09a8\u09be\u09ae, \u09a4\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ad\u09c2\u09ae\u09bf\u0995\u09be \u09a4\u09c1\u09b2\u09c7 \u09a7\u09b0\u09be \u09b9\u09b2\u0983</p>\n<table class=\"MsoNormalTable\">\n\t<tbody>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 99.9pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>\u09ac\u09b0\u09cd\u09a4\u09ae\u09be\u09a8 \u09a8\u09be\u09ae, \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09be\u099a\u09c0\u09a8 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09cd\u09af, \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u09a8\u09be\u09ae </strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 85.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>\u09b8\u09c2\u09ab\u09c0\u09b0\u09a8\u09be\u09ae</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 139.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>\u09ab\u09b2\u09be\u09ab\u09b2</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 117.0pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>\u0995\u09be\u09b0\u09a3</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 99.9pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09b8\u09bf\u09b2\u09c7\u099f (\u09b6\u09cd\u09b0\u09c0\u09b9\u099f\u09cd\u099f)</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09ac\u09b0\u09cd\u09a4\u09ae\u09be\u09a8 \u09ae\u09cc\u09b2\u09ad\u09c0\u09ac\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u099c\u09c7\u09b2\u09be \u09b8\u09b9 \u09b9\u09ac\u09bf\u0997\u099e\u09cd\u099c \u099c\u09c7\u09b2\u09be</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u00a0</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 85.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09b6\u09c7\u0996 \u09b6\u09be\u09b9 \u099c\u09be\u09b2\u09be\u09b2 \u0995\u09c1\u09a8\u09bf\u09af\u09bc\u09be\u09a4 \u09ae\u09c1\u099c\u09be\u09b0\u09b0\u09a6</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u00a0</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 139.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u0997\u09cb\u09ac\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a6 \u0997\u09a1\u09bc\u09a6\u09c1\u09af\u09bc\u09be\u09b0\u09b8\u09cd\u09a5\u09bf\u09a4 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09ac\u09be\u09a1\u09bc\u09bf \u09aa\u09b0\u09bf\u09a4\u09cd\u09af\u09be\u0997 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7 \u09aa\u09c7\u099a\u09be\u0997\u09a1\u09bc\u09c7\u09b0 \u0997\u09c1\u09aa\u09cd\u09a4\u0997\u09bf\u09b0\u09bf \u09a6\u09c1\u09b0\u09cd\u0997\u09c7 \u0986\u09b6\u09cd\u09b0\u09af\u09bc \u09a8\u09c7\u09a8\u0964 \u098f\u09b0\u09aa\u09b0 \u09a5\u09c7\u0995\u09c7 <strong>\u09a4\u09be\u09b0 \u0986\u09b0 \u0995\u09cb\u09a8 \u09b9\u09a6\u09bf\u09b8 \u09ae\u09c7\u09b2\u09c7\u09a8\u09bf</strong>\u0964 \u09b6\u09be\u09b9 \u099c\u09be\u09b2\u09be\u09b2 \u09a4\u09bf\u09a8 \u09a6\u09bf\u09a8 \u09b8\u09bf\u09b2\u09c7\u099f\u09c7 \u0985\u09ac\u09b8\u09cd\u09a5\u09be\u09a8 \u0995\u09b0\u09be\u09b0 \u09aa\u09b0, \u09ae\u09bf\u09a8\u09be\u09b0\u09c7\u09b0 \u099f\u09bf\u09b2\u09be\u09af\u09bc \u0985\u09ac\u09b8\u09cd\u09a5\u09bf\u09a4 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09ac\u09be\u09a1\u09bc\u09bf \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09a5\u09ae\u09c7 \u09a6\u0996\u09b2 \u09a8\u09bf\u09b2\u09c7\u09a8\u0964</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 117.0pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09b6\u09be\u09af\u09bc\u0996 \u09ac\u09c1\u09b0\u09b9\u09be\u09a8\u0989\u09a6\u09cd\u09a6\u09bf\u09a8 \u09a8\u09be\u09ae\u09c7\u09b0 \u098f\u0995\u099c\u09a8 \u09ae\u09c1\u09b8\u09b2\u09bf\u09ae \u09a4\u09be\u09b0 \u09a8\u09ac\u099c\u09be\u09a4\u0995\u09c7\u09b0 \u099b\u09c7\u09b2\u09c7\u09b0 \u0986\u0995\u09bf\u0995\u09be\u09b0 \u099c\u09a8\u09cd\u09af \u098f\u0995\u099f\u09bf \u0997\u09b0\u09c1 \u0995\u09cb\u09b0\u09ac\u09be\u09a8\u09bf \u09a6\u09bf\u09af\u09bc\u09c7\u099b\u09bf\u09b2\u09c7\u09a8\u0964 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be \u0997\u09cb\u09ac\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a6 \u09b8\u09c7\u099c\u09a8\u09cd\u09af \u0995\u09cd\u09b0\u09cb\u09a7\u09c7 \u09a8\u09ac\u099c\u09be\u09a4\u0995\u0995\u09c7 \u09b9\u09a4\u09cd\u09af\u09be \u0995\u09b0\u09be\u09b0 \u09b9\u09c1\u0995\u09c1\u09ae \u09a6\u09c7\u09a8 \u098f\u09ac\u0982 \u09ac\u09c1\u09b0\u09b9\u09be\u09a8\u09c1\u09a6\u09cd\u09a6\u09bf\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09a1\u09be\u09a8 \u09b9\u09be\u09a4 \u0995\u09c7\u099f\u09c7 \u09a6\u09c7\u0993\u09af\u09bc\u09be \u09b9\u09af\u09bc\u09c7\u099b\u09bf\u09b2\u0964</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 99.9pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09ac\u09be\u0997\u09c7\u09b0\u09b9\u09be\u099f</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t(\u09ac\u0999\u09cd\u0997/\u09b8\u09ae\u09a4\u099f)</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>\u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be \u0997\u09a3\u09c7\u09b6</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 85.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u0989\u09b2\u09c1\u0997 \u0996\u09be\u09a8 \u099c\u09be\u09b9\u09be\u09a8 \u0986\u09b2\u09c0</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09ac\u09be\u09b9\u09a8\u0983 \u0995\u09c1\u09ae\u09bf\u09b0</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 139.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u0996\u09be\u09a8\u099c\u09be\u09b9\u09be\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09a8\u09c7\u09a4\u09c3\u09a4\u09cd\u09ac\u09c7 \u09ec\u09e6,\u09e6\u09e6\u09e6 \u09b8\u09c1\u09b6\u09bf\u0995\u09cd\u09b7\u09bf\u09a4 \u0985\u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09ac\u09b0\u09cd\u09a4\u09c0 \u09b8\u09c7\u09a8\u09be\u09a6\u09b2 \u09b8\u09b9 \u0986\u09b0\u0993 \u09a6\u09c1\u0987 \u09b2\u0995\u09cd\u09b7 \u09b8\u09c8\u09a8\u09cd\u09af \u09a8\u09bf\u09af\u09bc\u09c7 \u09ac\u09be\u0982\u09b2\u09be \u0986\u0995\u09cd\u09b0\u09ae\u09a3 \u0995\u09b0\u09b2\u09c7 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be \u0997\u09a3\u09c7\u09b6 \u09a6\u09bf\u09a8\u09be\u099c\u09aa\u09c1\u09b0\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ad\u09be\u09a4\u09c1\u09b0\u09bf\u09af\u09bc\u09be\u09a4\u09c7 \u0986\u09b6\u09cd\u09b0\u09af\u09bc \u09a8\u09c7\u09a8\u0964 \u09e7\u09ea\u09e7\u09ee \u0996\u09cd\u09b0\u09bf\u09b7\u09cd\u099f\u09be\u09ac\u09cd\u09a6\u09c7 \u0996\u09be\u09a8\u099c\u09be\u09b9\u09be\u09a8 \u09af\u09b6\u09cb\u09b0\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ac\u09be\u09b0\u09ac\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0\u09c7 \u0985\u09ac\u09b8\u09cd\u09a5\u09be\u09a8 \u09a8\u09c7\u09a8 \u098f\u09ac\u0982 \u09ac\u09be\u0982\u09b2\u09be\u09b0 \u09a6\u0995\u09cd\u09b7\u09bf\u09a3 \u09aa\u09b6\u09cd\u099a\u09bf\u09ae \u0985\u0982\u09b6\u09c7 \u0987\u09b8\u09b2\u09be\u09ae \u09a7\u09b0\u09cd\u09ae \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u099a\u09be\u09b0 \u0993 \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09b8\u09be\u09b0 \u0986\u09b0\u09ae\u09cd\u09ad \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8\u0964 \u0996\u09be\u09a8\u099c\u09be\u09b9\u09be\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09a6\u09cd\u09ac\u09bf\u09a4\u09c0\u09af\u09bc \u09b8\u09cd\u09a4\u09cd\u09b0\u09c0 \u09b0\u09c2\u09aa\u09be \u09ac\u09bf\u09ac\u09bf \u0993\u09b0\u09ab\u09c7 <strong>\u09ac\u09bf\u09ac\u09bf \u09ac\u09c7\u0997\u09a8\u09bf \u09a7\u09b0\u09cd\u09ae\u09be\u09a8\u09cd\u09a4\u09b0\u09bf\u09a4 \u09ae\u09c1\u09b8\u09b2\u09ae\u09be\u09a8 \u099b\u09bf\u09b2\u09c7\u09a8\u0964</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 117.0pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u0996\u09be\u09a8\u099c\u09be\u09b9\u09be\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09b6\u09c1\u09b0\u09c1\u09a4\u09c7\u0987 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09cd\u09af \u099c\u09df\u09c7\u09b0 \u099c\u09a8\u09cd\u09af \u098f\u09b8\u09c7\u099b\u09bf\u09b2\u09c7\u09a8, \u09b8\u09c7\u0987\u099f\u09be \u0985\u09b0\u09cd\u099c\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09aa\u09b0\u09c7 \u0987\u09b8\u09b2\u09be\u09ae\u09c7\u09b0 \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09b8\u09be\u09b0\u09c7 \u0995\u09be\u099c \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8\u0964</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 99.9pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09ac\u0997\u09c1\u09dc\u09be</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t(\u09aa\u09c1\u09a3\u09cd\u09a1\u09cd\u09b0\u09ac\u09b0\u09cd\u09a7\u09a8)</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>\u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be \u09aa\u09b0\u09b6\u09c1\u09b0\u09be\u09ae</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 85.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09b6\u09be\u09b9 \u09b8\u09c1\u09b2\u09a4\u09be\u09a8 \u09ac\u09b2\u0996\u09c0</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09ac\u09be\u09b9\u09a8\u0983 \u09ae\u09be\u099b</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 139.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09a5\u09ae\u09c7 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be \u09aa\u09b0\u09b6\u09c1\u09b0\u09be\u09ae\u09c7\u09b0 \u09b8\u09c7\u09a8\u09be\u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09a7\u09be\u09a8, \u09ae\u09a8\u09cd\u09a4\u09cd\u09b0\u09bf \u098f\u09ac\u0982 \u0995\u09bf\u099b\u09c1 \u09b8\u09be\u09a7\u09be\u09b0\u09a3 \u09ae\u09be\u09a8\u09c1\u09b7 \u0987\u09b8\u09b2\u09be\u09ae\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ac\u09be\u09b0\u09cd\u09a4\u09be \u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09b9\u09a3 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7 \u09ae\u09c1\u09b8\u09b2\u09bf\u09ae \u09b9\u09af\u09bc, 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<strong>\u09ac\u09be\u09ac\u09be\u09b0 \u09ae\u09c3\u09a4\u09cd\u09af\u09c1\u09b0 \u09b8\u0982\u09ac\u09be\u09a6 \u09b6\u09c1\u09a8\u09c7 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u09ae\u09c7\u09af\u09bc\u09c7 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u0995\u09a8\u09cd\u09af\u09be \u09b6\u09bf\u09b2\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09ac\u09c0 \u0995\u09b0\u09a4\u09cb\u09af\u09bc\u09be \u09a8\u09a6\u09c0\u09a4\u09c7 \u09a1\u09c1\u09ac\u09c7 \u09ae\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8\u0964</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 117.0pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09cd\u09af\u09c7\u09b0 \u0985\u09a6\u09c2\u09b0\u09c7 \u0985\u09ac\u09b8\u09cd\u09a5\u09bf\u09a4 \u098f\u0995 \u09ae\u09c1\u09b8\u09b2\u09ae\u09be\u09a8 \u09a4\u09be\u09b0 \u09aa\u09c1\u09a4\u09cd\u09b0\u09c7\u09b0 \u099c\u09a8\u09cd\u09ae \u0985\u09a8\u09c1\u09b7\u09cd\u09a0\u09be\u09a8 \u09aa\u09be\u09b2\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u099c\u09a8\u09cd\u09af \u09a4\u09bf\u09a8\u09bf \u098f\u0995\u099f\u09bf \u0997\u09b0\u09c1 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class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09ac\u09be\u09ac\u09be \u0986\u09a6\u09ae \u09b6\u09b9\u09c0\u09a6 \u099b\u09af\u09bc \u09a5\u09c7\u0995\u09c7 \u09b8\u09be\u09a4 \u09b9\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u0985\u09a8\u09c1\u09b8\u09be\u09b0\u09c0 \u09a8\u09bf\u09af\u09bc\u09c7 \u09ac\u09b2\u09cd\u09b2\u09be\u09b2 \u09b8\u09c7\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u098f\u09b2\u09be\u0995\u09be\u09af\u09bc \u0986\u0997\u09ae\u09a8 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8\u0964 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be \u09ae\u09c1\u09b8\u09b2\u09ae\u09be\u09a8 \u0985\u09a8\u09c1\u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09ac\u09c7\u09b6\u0995\u09be\u09b0\u09c0\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ac\u09bf\u09b0\u09c1\u09a6\u09cd\u09a7\u09c7 \u09ac\u09cd\u09af\u09ac\u09b8\u09cd\u09a5\u09be \u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09b9\u09a3 \u0995\u09b0\u09be\u09b0 \u09b8\u09bf\u09a6\u09cd\u09a7\u09be\u09a8\u09cd\u09a4 \u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09b9\u09a3 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8\u0964 \u09ac\u09b2\u09cd\u09b2\u09be\u09b2 \u09b8\u09c7\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ac\u09bf\u09b0\u09c1\u09a6\u09cd\u09a7\u09c7 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\u0997\u09c1\u099c\u09cd\u099c\u09ad\u09cb\u099c</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 85.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09b6\u09be\u09b9 \u09ae\u0996\u09a6\u09c1\u09ae \u09b0\u09c2\u09aa\u09cb\u09b6</p>\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09ac\u09be\u09b9\u09a8\u0983 \u0995\u09c1\u09ae\u09bf\u09b0</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 139.5pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09aa\u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09df \u0998\u099f\u09c7 \u09a4\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0\u0964 \u099b\u09af\u09bc \u099c\u09a8 <strong>\u09b0\u09be\u099c\u0995\u09c1\u09ae\u09be\u09b0\u09b8\u09b9 \u09a6\u09c1\u0987\u099c\u09a8 \u09b0\u09be\u099c-\u09ad\u09cd\u09b0\u09be\u09a4\u09be \u09ac\u09a8\u09cd\u09a6\u09c0 \u09b9\u09a8 \u0993 \u0987\u09b8\u09b2\u09be\u09ae \u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09b9\u09a3 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8\u0964</strong></p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 117.0pt;\">\n\t\t\t\t<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\t\t\t\t\u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0\u09be \u099b\u09bf\u09b2\u09c7\u09a8 \u09b6\u09be\u0995\u09cd\u09a4, \u098f\u09ac\u0982 \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09cd\u09af\u09c7 \u09a8\u09b0\u09ac\u09b2\u09bf\u09b0 \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u099a\u09b2\u09a8 \u099b\u09bf\u09b2\u0964</p>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t</tbody>\n</table>\n<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u09ae\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u098f\u0995\u099f\u09bf \u0986\u09b0\u09ac\u09bf \u09b6\u09ac\u09cd\u09a6, \u09b8\u09ae\u09be\u09b0\u09cd\u09a5\u0995 \u09b6\u09ac\u09cd\u09a6 \u09a6\u09b0\u0997\u09be\u09b9 (\u09ab\u09be\u09b0\u09cd\u09b8\u09bf)\u0964 \u0987\u09b8\u09b2\u09be\u09ae\u09c7 \u09ae\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u09b6\u09ac\u09cd\u09a6\u099f\u09bf \u09ac\u09cd\u09af\u09ac\u09b9\u09be\u09b0 \u0995\u09b0\u09be \u09b9\u09df \u09a4\u09c0\u09b0\u09cd\u09a5\u09b8\u09cd\u09a5\u09be\u09a8 \u09b9\u09bf\u09b8\u09c7\u09ac\u09c7\u0964 \u0987\u09b9\u09be \u0985\u09a4\u09cd\u09af\u09a8\u09cd\u09a4 \u09aa\u09b0\u09bf\u09a4\u09be\u09aa\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ac\u09bf\u09b7\u09df, \u09ac\u09bf\u09ad\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8 \u09b8\u09ae\u09df \u09b9\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a6\u09c1\u0997\u09a3\u0993 \u09ac\u09bf\u09ad\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8 \u09ae\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u09ad\u09cd\u09b0\u09ae\u09a3 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8 \u09a4\u09c0\u09b0\u09cd\u09a5\u09ad\u09cd\u09b0\u09ae\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09a8\u09cd\u09af\u09be\u09df\u0964 \u09a4\u09be\u09b9\u09be\u09b0\u09be \u09b8\u09c7\u0996\u09be\u09a8\u09c7 \u09ae\u09a8\u09b8\u09cd\u0995\u09be\u09ae\u09a8\u09be \u09aa\u09c2\u09b0\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09b2\u0995\u09cd\u09b7\u09cd\u09af\u09c7 \u09ae\u09be\u09a8\u09a4 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8, \u09b8\u09c1\u09ab\u09c0 \u09ac\u09be\u09ac\u09be\u09b0 \u09a6\u09b0\u09ac\u09be\u09b0\u09c7 \u0995\u09be\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8\u09be\u0995\u09be\u099f\u09bf \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u09a8, \u09b8\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8\u09bf-\u09ad\u09cb\u0997 \u0986\u09b0 \u099a\u09be\u09a6\u09b0 \u099a\u09dc\u09be\u09a8\u0964 <strong>\u09b9\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a6\u09c1\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09af\u09c7\u0995\u09cb\u09a8 \u09aa\u09c1\u09b0\u09be\u09a4\u09a8 \u09ac\u09b8\u09cd\u09a4\u09c1\u09b0 \u0993\u09aa\u09b0\u09c7 \u09af\u09c7 \u09b8\u09b9\u099c\u09c7\u0987 \u09ad\u0995\u09cd\u09a4\u09bf \u099c\u09a8\u09cd\u09ae\u09be\u09df \u09a4\u09be \u0987\u09b9\u09be\u09a4\u09c7\u0987 \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09ae\u09be\u09a3\u09bf\u09a4 \u09b9\u09df\u0964 \u0995\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a4\u09c1 \u09ad\u0995\u09cd\u09a4\u09bf\u09b0 \u09aa\u09c7\u099b\u09bf\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u0997\u09b2\u09cd\u09aa\u099f\u09c1\u0995\u09c1\u0993 \u09a4\u09cb \u099c\u09be\u09a8\u09be \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09df\u09cb\u099c\u09a8\u0964</strong> \u09a6\u09c1\u09b0\u09cd\u099c\u09a8 \u09ac\u09bf\u09a6\u09cd\u09ac\u09be\u09a8 \u09b9\u09b2\u09c7\u0993 \u09aa\u09b0\u09bf\u09a4\u09cd\u09af\u09be\u099c\u09cd\u09af, \u098f\u0995\u09a5\u09be \u0986\u09ae\u09b0\u09be \u0985\u09a8\u09c7\u0995 \u09ac\u09be\u09b0\u0987 \u09aa\u09b0\u09c7\u099b\u09bf \u0986\u09b0 \u098f\u0987\u0996\u09be\u09a8\u09c7 \u098f\u0987 \u09a6\u09c1\u09b0\u09cd\u099c\u09a8 \u09a4\u09cb \u0986\u09aa\u09a8\u09be\u09b0 \u09b6\u09a4\u09cd\u09b0\u09c1\u0964 \u098f\u0995\u09a6\u09bf\u09a8 \u0986\u09aa\u09a8\u09be\u09b0\u0987 \u09aa\u09c2\u09b0\u09cd\u09ac\u09aa\u09c1\u09b0\u09c1\u09b7\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u099b\u09b2\u09c7-\u09ac\u09b2\u09c7-\u0995\u09cc\u09b6\u09b2\u09c7 \u09a7\u0982\u09b8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09aa\u09c7\u099b\u09a8\u09c7 \u098f\u0987 \u09b8\u09c2\u09ab\u09c0 \u09b8\u09be\u09a7\u0995\u09c7\u09b0\u09be\u0987 \u099b\u09bf\u09b2 \u098f\u09ac\u0982 \u0986\u09aa\u09a8\u09be\u09b0 \u0989\u09a4\u09cd\u09a4\u09b0 \u09aa\u09c1\u09b0\u09c1\u09b7\u09c7\u09b0 \u0985\u09b8\u09cd\u09a4\u09bf\u09a4\u09cd\u09ac \u09ac\u09bf\u09aa\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09aa\u09c7\u099b\u09a8\u09c7\u0993 \u09a4\u09be\u09b9\u09be\u09b0\u09be\u0987 \u09a5\u09be\u0995\u09ac\u09c7\u09a8\u0964 \u09b8\u09be\u09a7\u09be\u09b0\u09a3 \u09ae\u09be\u09a8\u09c1\u09b7\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09aa\u09be\u09b6\u09be\u09aa\u09be\u09b6\u09bf \u09ad\u09be\u09b0\u09a4\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ac\u09b2\u09bf\u0989\u09a1 \u09b8\u09c7\u09b2\u09bf\u09ac\u09cd\u09b0\u09c7\u099f\u09bf, \u09b0\u09be\u099c\u09a8\u09c8\u09a4\u09bf\u0995 \u09a8\u09c7\u09a4\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0\u0993 \u09ac\u09bf\u09ad\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8 \u09b8\u09ae\u09df\u09c7 \u09a6\u09c7\u0996\u09be \u09af\u09be\u09df \u0986\u099c\u09ae\u09bf\u09b0 \u09b6\u09b0\u09c0\u09ab\u09c7 \u0996\u09be\u099c\u09be \u09ae\u0987\u09a8\u09c1\u09a6\u09cd\u09a6\u09bf\u09a8 \u099a\u09bf\u09b6\u09a4\u09c0 \u09b8\u09b9 \u09ac\u09bf\u09ad\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8 \u09b8\u09cd\u09a5\u09be\u09a8\u09c7 \u09b8\u09c2\u09ab\u09c0\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ae\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u09aa\u09b0\u09bf\u09a6\u09b0\u09cd\u09b6\u09a8 \u0995\u09b0\u09c7 \u09b8\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a8\u09bf \u099a\u09dc\u09be\u09a4\u09c7\u0964 \u09e7\u09e8 \u0986\u0989\u09b2\u09bf\u09df\u09be\u09b0 \u09a6\u09c7\u09b6 \u099a\u099f\u09cd\u099f\u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09be\u09ae, \u09e9\u09ec\u09e6 \u0986\u0989\u09b2\u09bf\u09df\u09be\u09b0 \u09a6\u09c7\u09b6 \u09b8\u09bf\u09b2\u09c7\u099f- \u0986\u09b0\u0993 \u0995\u09a4\u09cb \u09b9\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0 \u0986\u0989\u09b2\u09bf\u09df\u09be \u09b6\u09c1\u09df\u09c7 \u09b0\u09df\u09c7\u099b\u09c7\u09a8 \u098f\u0987 \u09ac\u09be\u0982\u09b2\u09be\u09b0 \u09ae\u09be\u099f\u09bf\u09b0 \u09a4\u09b2\u09be\u09df\u0964 \u09ac\u09be\u0982\u09b2\u09be\u09b0 \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09a4\u09bf \u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09be\u09ae\u09c7, \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09a4\u09bf \u09b6\u09b9\u09b0\u09c7 \u098f\u09ae\u09a8 \u09a8\u09be\u09ae \u09a8\u09be \u099c\u09be\u09a8\u09be \u09b6\u09a4 \u09b6\u09a4 \u09ae\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0-\u09a6\u09b0\u0997\u09be\u09b9 \u099b\u09dc\u09bf\u09df\u09c7 \u099b\u09bf\u099f\u09bf\u09df\u09c7 \u0986\u099b\u09c7\u0964 \u09b8\u09c7\u0987 \u09b8\u09ac \u0986\u0989\u09b2\u09bf\u09df\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u098f\u0995\u09ae\u09be\u09a4\u09cd\u09b0 \u09b2\u0995\u09cd\u09b7\u09cd\u09af \u099b\u09bf\u09b2 \u09ac\u09be\u0982\u09b2\u09be\u09df \u0987\u09b8\u09b2\u09be\u09ae\u09c7\u09b0 \u09b8\u09c1\u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09a4\u09bf\u09b7\u09cd\u09a0\u09be\u0964 \u09a4\u09be\u09b0\u09be \u09b8\u09ab\u09b2, \u0986\u09a5\u099a \u0986\u099c\u0993 \u0986\u09ae\u09be\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09b9\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a6\u09c1 \u09b8\u09ae\u09cd\u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09a6\u09be\u09df\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ae\u09be\u09a8\u09c1\u09b7\u0997\u09c1\u09b2\u09cb \u09a8\u09bf\u099c\u09c7\u09a6\u09c7\u09b0 \u09b0\u0995\u09cd\u09a4\u09be\u0995\u09cd\u09a4 \u0987\u09a4\u09bf\u09b9\u09be\u09b8 \u09a8\u09be \u099c\u09c7\u09a8\u09c7\u0987 \u09b8\u09c7\u0987 \u09b8\u09ac \u09ae\u09be\u099c\u09be\u09b0\u09c7-\u09a6\u09b0\u0997\u09be\u09df \u09ad\u0995\u09cd\u09a4\u09bf \u09a8\u09bf\u09df\u09c7 \u09ad\u09cb\u0997 \u099a\u09b0\u09be\u09a8\u0964\u00a0 \u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0\u00a0</p>\n<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p style=\"text-align: justify;\" class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/3/", "history_comment": "Doesn't belong here", "history_date": "2020-10-19T18:11:37.619", "history_type": 2, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/382/", "history_user_ip": "142.105.251.222" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376703/", "name": "\u9cf3\u51f0\u5802", "slug": "\u9cf3\u51f0\u5802", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>\u3053\u3053\u3067\u306f\u3001\u9cf3\u51f0\u5802 \u306b\u3064\u3044\u3066\u7d39\u4ecb\u3057\u307e\u3059\u3002</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u5728\u6240\uff1a<a href=\"https://umap.openstreetmap.fr/ja/map/map_482740#18/34.88933/135.80787\"><strong>\u4eac\u90fd\u5e9c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u84ee\u83ef</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u30dd\u30a4\u30f3\u30c8\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u6587\u5316\u8ca1\uff08\u56fd\u5b9d\uff09\u60c5\u5831</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5efa\u9020\u7269\u3000\u3000\u3000<a href=\"https://kunishitei.bunka.go.jp/bsys/maindetails/102/1941\"><strong>\u4e2d\u5802\u9662\u9cf3\u51f0\u5802</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5efa\u9020\u7269\u3000\u3000\u3000<strong><a href=\"https://kunishitei.bunka.go.jp/bsys/maindetails/102/1942\">\u4e21\u7ffc\u5eca\uff08\u5317\uff09</a></strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5efa\u9020\u7269\u3000\u3000\u3000<strong><a href=\"https://kunishitei.bunka.go.jp/bsys/maindetails/102/1943\"><span style=\"\">\u4e21\u7ffc\u5eca\uff08\u5357\uff09</span></a></strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5efa\u9020\u7269\u3000\u3000\u3000<strong><a href=\"https://kunishitei.bunka.go.jp/bsys/maindetails/102/1944\">\u5c3e\u5eca</a></strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u7d75\u753b\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000<strong><a href=\"https://www.byodoin.or.jp/learn/picture/\">\u4e2d\u5802\u58c1\u6249\u753b\uff08\u677f\u7d75\u7740\u8272\uff09\uff11\uff14\u9762</a></strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000<span style=\"\">\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u7d75\u753b\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000</span><span style=\"\">\u4e2d\u5802\u58c1\u753b\u4e5d\u54c1\u6765\u8fce\u56f3\uff11\uff11\u9762</span></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u7d75\u753b\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u65e5\u60f3\u89b3\u56f3\uff15\uff12\u9762</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u7d75\u753b\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u672c\u5c0a\u5f8c\u58c1\u753b</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5f6b\u523b\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000<a href=\"https://sekainorekisi.com/glossary/%E5%B9%B3%E7%AD%89%E9%99%A2%E9%98%BF%E5%BC%A5%E9%99%80%E5%A6%82%E6%9D%A5%E5%9D%90%E5%83%8F/\"><strong>\u6728\u9020\u963f\u5f25\u9640\u5982\u6765\u5750\u50cf\uff11\u8eaf</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5f6b\u523b\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u6728\u9020\u96f2\u4e2d\u4f9b\u990a\u83e9\u85a9\u50cf\uff11\u8eaf</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5f6b\u523b\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000<a href=\"https://bunka.nii.ac.jp/db/heritages/detail/203579\"><strong>\u6728\u9020\u5929\u84cb</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5de5\u82b8\u54c1\u3000\u3000\u3000<a href=\"https://www.yoritomo-japan.com/nara-kyoto/byodoin/byodoin-bonsho.htm\"><strong>\u68b5\u9418</strong></a>\u30fb\u30fb\u30fb\u5b9f\u7269\u306f\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u30df\u30e5\u30fc\u30b8\u30a2\u30e0<span style=\"\">\u300c\u9cf3\u7fd4\u9928\u300d\u306b\u53ce\u8535\u3002</span></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u5de5\u82b8\u54c1\u3000\u3000\u3000<strong><a href=\"https://bunka.nii.ac.jp/db/heritages/detail/125947\">\u91d1\u9285\u9cf3\u51f0</a></strong><span style=\"\">\u30fb\u30fb\u30fb\u5b9f\u7269\u306f\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u30df\u30e5\u30fc\u30b8\u30a2\u30e0</span><span style=\"\">\u300c\u9cf3\u7fd4\u9928\u300d\u306b\u53ce\u8535\u3002</span></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u53f2\u8de1\u30fb\u540d\u52dd\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000<a href=\"https://kunishitei.bunka.go.jp/heritage/detail/401/1642\"><strong>\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u5ead\u5712</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2461\uff0e\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u89b3\u5149\u6599\uff1b\uff16\uff10\uff10\u5186\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2462\uff0e\u9cf3\u51f0\u5802\u898b\u5b66\u6599\uff1b\uff13\uff10\uff10\u5186\u3001\u4f46\u3057\u73fe\u5728\u5185\u90e8\u306e\u56fd\u5b9d\u7d75\u753b\u306a\u3069\u4fee\u5fa9\u4e2d\u3067\u3001\u5145\u5206\u306a\u898b\u5b66\u4e0d\u53ef\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u95a2\u9023\u5199\u771f\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u203b\u3000\u5185\u90e8\u306e\u64ae\u5f71\u64ae\u5f71\u4e0d\u8a31\u53ef\u3002\u8a73\u7d30\u306f</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/1.%E9%B3%B3%E5%87%B0%E5%A0%822020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u9cf3\u51f0\u58022020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/2.%E6%9C%A8%E9%80%A0%E9%98%BF%E5%BC%A5%E9%99%80%E5%A6%82%E6%9D%A5%E5%9D%90%E5%83%8F2020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 225px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 225px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u6728\u9020\u963f\u5f25\u9640\u5982\u6765\u5750\u50cf2020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u53c2\u8003\u60c5\u5831\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u30db\u30fc\u30e0\u30da\u30fc\u30b8\uff1a<a href=\"https://www.city.uji.kyoto.jp/site/bunkazai/6222.html\"><strong>\u6587\u5316\u8ca1\u4e00\u89a7\u8868</strong></a></p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/960/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T16:43:15.667", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/36498/", "history_user_ip": "182.165.234.230" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376702/", "name": "\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580", "slug": "\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>\u3053\u3053\u3067\u306f\u3001\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580 \u306b\u3064\u3044\u3066\u7d39\u4ecb\u3057\u307e\u3059\u3002</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u5728\u6240\uff1a<a href=\"https://umap.openstreetmap.fr/ja/map/map_482740#19/34.88850/135.80745\"><strong>\u4eac\u90fd\u5e9c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u84ee\u83ef</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u30dd\u30a4\u30f3\u30c8\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u6c5f\u6238\u6642\u4ee3\u521d\u671f\u3001\u4f0f\u898b\u6843\u5c71\u57ce\u304b\u3089\u79fb\u7bc9\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2461\uff0e\u9580\u306e\u578b\u5f0f\u306f\u3001\u73fe\u5b58\u3059\u308b\u6700\u53e4\u306e\u533b\u85ac\u9580\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2462\uff0e\u5efa\u7bc9\u90e8\u6750\u306f\u3001\u6a2b\u6728\u3067\u706b\u306b\u5f37\u3044\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2463\uff0e\u5e73\u6210\uff12\uff12\u5e74\u53e4\u5178\u6280\u6cd5\u3067\u518d\u5857\u88c5\u3002\u30fb\u30fb\u30fb\u5857\u88c5\u304c\u306f\u304c\u308c\u6613\u3044</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u95a2\u9023\u5199\u771f\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/1.%E6%97%A7%E5%8D%97%E9%96%80%E3%81%AE%E5%85%A8%E6%99%AF2020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u65e7\u5357\u9580\u306e\u5168\u666f2020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/2.%E6%A1%88%E5%86%85%E6%9D%BF%EF%BC%88%E5%B9%B3%E7%AD%89%E9%99%A2%E6%97%A7%E5%8D%97%E9%96%80%EF%BC%892020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u6848\u5185\u677f\uff08\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580\uff092020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u88dc\u8db3\u8aac\u660e\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u73fe\u5730\u6848\u5185\u677f\uff08\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580\uff09\u3088\u308a</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u5b89\u571f\u6843\u5c71\u6642\u4ee3</p>\n<p>\n\t\u4f0f\u898b\u6843\u5c71\u57ce\u304b\u3089\u306e\u79fb\u69cb\u3068\u3055\u308c\u3001\u6c5f\u6238\u6642\u4ee3\u521d\u671f\u4f1d\u6765\u306e\u5404\u7a2e\u53e4\u56f3\u3068\u6bd4\u8f03\u3057\u3066\u3082\u5834\u6240\u30fb\u898f\u6a21\u3068\u3082\u306b\u5909\u52d5\u304c\u306a\u3044\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u5782\u6728\u306a\u3069\u3082\u6c5f\u6238\u6642\u4ee3\u4ee5\u524d\u306e\u7279\u5fb4\u3067\u3042\u308b\u5148\u7aef\u304c\u7d30\u304f\u5927\u80c6\u306a\u53cd\u308a\u3067\u5929\u4e95\u677f\u3092\u5099\u3048\u305f\u53e4\u5f0f\u6b66\u5bb6\u9580\u306e\u59ff\u3092\u57df\u6b8b\u3059\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u5e73\u6210\uff12\uff12\u5e74\u590f\u306e\u53e4\u5178\u6280\u6cd5\u306b\u3088\u308b\u518d\u5857\u88c5\u5de5\u4e8b\u306e\u969b\u3001\u4e3b\u8981\u90e8\u6750\u306e\u307b\u3068\u3093\u3069\u304c\u5e0c\u5c11\u306a\u8d64\u6a2b\u306e\u5de8\u6728\u3067\u3042\u308b\u3053\u3068\u304c\u5224\u660e\u3002\u56fa\u304f\u706b\u306b\u5f37\u3044\u3053\u3068\u304b\u3089\u6226\u56fd\u671f\u306e\u57ce\u9580\u306a\u3069\u306b\u4f7f\u7528\u3055\u308c\u305f\u3053\u3068\u304c\u8a18\u9332\u306b\u6b8b\u308b\u304c\u3001\u306d\u3058\u308c\u304c\u8d77\u304d\u3084\u3059\u3044\u6a2b\u8ca1\u306b\u3088\u308b\u5efa\u9020\u7269\u306f\u3053\u308c\u307e\u3067\u65e5\u672c\u3067\u78ba\u8a8d\u3055\u308c\u305f\u3053\u3068\u304c\u306a\u304f\u3001\u57ce\u9020\u308a\u306e\u5929\u624d\u3068\u3057\u3066\u77e5\u3089\u308c\u305f\u79c0\u5409\u306b\u3088\u308b\u57ce\u9580\u300c\u85ac\u533b\u9580\u300d\u306e\u73fe\u5b58\u3059\u308b\u6700\u53e4\u306e\u5efa\u7bc9\u3068\u3057\u3066\u6ce8\u76ee\u3055\u308c\u308b\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u4f1d\u7d71\u7684\u306a\u9854\u6599\u3067\u5857\u88c5\u3057\u3066\u3044\u307e\u3059\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u670d\u306a\u3069\u306b\u8272\u304c\u4ed8\u304d\u307e\u3059\u306e\u3067\u3054\u6ce8\u610f\u304f\u3060\u3055\u3044\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/960/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T16:38:13.978", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/36498/", "history_user_ip": "182.165.234.230" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376701/", "name": "\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580", "slug": "\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>\u3053\u3053\u3067\u306f\u3001\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580 \u306b\u3064\u3044\u3066\u7d39\u4ecb\u3057\u307e\u3059\u3002</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u5728\u6240\uff1a<strong>\u4eac\u90fd\u5e9c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u84ee\u83ef</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u30dd\u30a4\u30f3\u30c8\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u6c5f\u6238\u6642\u4ee3\u521d\u671f\u3001\u4f0f\u898b\u6843\u5c71\u57ce\u304b\u3089\u79fb\u7bc9\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2461\uff0e\u9580\u306e\u578b\u5f0f\u306f\u3001\u73fe\u5b58\u3059\u308b\u6700\u53e4\u306e\u533b\u85ac\u9580\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2462\uff0e\u5efa\u7bc9\u90e8\u6750\u306f\u3001\u6a2b\u6728\u3067\u706b\u306b\u5f37\u3044\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2463\uff0e\u5e73\u6210\uff12\uff12\u5e74\u53e4\u5178\u6280\u6cd5\u3067\u518d\u5857\u88c5\u3002\u30fb\u30fb\u30fb\u5857\u88c5\u304c\u306f\u304c\u308c\u6613\u3044</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u95a2\u9023\u5199\u771f\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/1.%E6%97%A7%E5%8D%97%E9%96%80%E3%81%AE%E5%85%A8%E6%99%AF2020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u65e7\u5357\u9580\u306e\u5168\u666f2020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/2.%E6%A1%88%E5%86%85%E6%9D%BF%EF%BC%88%E5%B9%B3%E7%AD%89%E9%99%A2%E6%97%A7%E5%8D%97%E9%96%80%EF%BC%892020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u6848\u5185\u677f\uff08\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580\uff092020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u88dc\u8db3\u8aac\u660e\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u73fe\u5730\u6848\u5185\u677f\uff08\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u65e7\u5357\u9580\uff09\u3088\u308a</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u5b89\u571f\u6843\u5c71\u6642\u4ee3</p>\n<p>\n\t\u4f0f\u898b\u6843\u5c71\u57ce\u304b\u3089\u306e\u79fb\u69cb\u3068\u3055\u308c\u3001\u6c5f\u6238\u6642\u4ee3\u521d\u671f\u4f1d\u6765\u306e\u5404\u7a2e\u53e4\u56f3\u3068\u6bd4\u8f03\u3057\u3066\u3082\u5834\u6240\u30fb\u898f\u6a21\u3068\u3082\u306b\u5909\u52d5\u304c\u306a\u3044\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u5782\u6728\u306a\u3069\u3082\u6c5f\u6238\u6642\u4ee3\u4ee5\u524d\u306e\u7279\u5fb4\u3067\u3042\u308b\u5148\u7aef\u304c\u7d30\u304f\u5927\u80c6\u306a\u53cd\u308a\u3067\u5929\u4e95\u677f\u3092\u5099\u3048\u305f\u53e4\u5f0f\u6b66\u5bb6\u9580\u306e\u59ff\u3092\u57df\u6b8b\u3059\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u5e73\u6210\uff12\uff12\u5e74\u590f\u306e\u53e4\u5178\u6280\u6cd5\u306b\u3088\u308b\u518d\u5857\u88c5\u5de5\u4e8b\u306e\u969b\u3001\u4e3b\u8981\u90e8\u6750\u306e\u307b\u3068\u3093\u3069\u304c\u5e0c\u5c11\u306a\u8d64\u6a2b\u306e\u5de8\u6728\u3067\u3042\u308b\u3053\u3068\u304c\u5224\u660e\u3002\u56fa\u304f\u706b\u306b\u5f37\u3044\u3053\u3068\u304b\u3089\u6226\u56fd\u671f\u306e\u57ce\u9580\u306a\u3069\u306b\u4f7f\u7528\u3055\u308c\u305f\u3053\u3068\u304c\u8a18\u9332\u306b\u6b8b\u308b\u304c\u3001\u306d\u3058\u308c\u304c\u8d77\u304d\u3084\u3059\u3044\u6a2b\u8ca1\u306b\u3088\u308b\u5efa\u9020\u7269\u306f\u3053\u308c\u307e\u3067\u65e5\u672c\u3067\u78ba\u8a8d\u3055\u308c\u305f\u3053\u3068\u304c\u306a\u304f\u3001\u57ce\u9020\u308a\u306e\u5929\u624d\u3068\u3057\u3066\u77e5\u3089\u308c\u305f\u79c0\u5409\u306b\u3088\u308b\u57ce\u9580\u300c\u85ac\u533b\u9580\u300d\u306e\u73fe\u5b58\u3059\u308b\u6700\u53e4\u306e\u5efa\u7bc9\u3068\u3057\u3066\u6ce8\u76ee\u3055\u308c\u308b\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u4f1d\u7d71\u7684\u306a\u9854\u6599\u3067\u5857\u88c5\u3057\u3066\u3044\u307e\u3059\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u670d\u306a\u3069\u306b\u8272\u304c\u4ed8\u304d\u307e\u3059\u306e\u3067\u3054\u6ce8\u610f\u304f\u3060\u3055\u3044\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/960/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T16:36:19.119", "history_type": 0, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/36498/", "history_user_ip": "182.165.234.230" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376700/", "name": "Users/bipul.mohanto", "slug": "users/bipul.mohanto", "content": "<p>\n\t\u09b9\u09bf\u09a8\u09cd\u09a6\u09c1 \u09a7\u09b0\u09cd\u09ae\u09b6\u09be\u09b8\u09cd\u09a4\u09cd\u09b0 \u0985\u09a4\u09cd\u09af\u09a8\u09cd\u09a4 \u09ac\u09c3\u09b9\u09ce, \u09b6\u09a4\u09b8\u09b9\u09b8\u09cd\u09b0 \u09ac\u099b\u09b0\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ac\u09bf\u09ac\u09b0\u09cd\u09a7\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ab\u09b2\u09c7 \u0987\u09b9\u09be \u098f\u0996\u09a8 \u09aa\u09c2\u09b0\u09cd\u09a3\u09b0\u09c2\u09aa\u09c7 \u09ac\u09bf\u0995\u09be\u09b6\u09bf\u09a4\u0964 \u09ae\u09c2\u09b2 \u099a\u09be\u09b0\u0996\u09be\u09a8\u09be \u09ac\u09c7\u09a6\u0995\u09c7 \u0986\u09a6\u09bf\u09a7\u09b0\u09cd\u09ae \u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09a8\u09cd\u09a5 \u09a7\u09b0\u09c7 \u09ac\u09be\u0995\u09bf \u09a7\u09b0\u09cd\u09ae\u0997\u09cd\u09b0\u09a8\u09cd\u09a5\u09b8\u09ae\u09c2\u09b9\u09c7\u09b0 \u0995\u09cd\u09b0\u09ae\u09ac\u09bf\u0995\u09be\u09b6 \u0998\u099f\u09c7\u099b\u09c7\u0964 \u09ac\u09b0\u09cd\u09a4\u09ae\u09be\u09a8 \u09af\u09c1\u0997\u09b8\u09a8\u09cd\u09a7\u09bf\u0995\u09cd\u09b7\u09a8\u09c7\u09b0 \u09b6\u09c2\u09a8\u09cd\u09af\u09a4\u09be\u09b0 \u0995\u09a5\u09be \u09ac\u09bf\u09ac\u09c7\u099a\u09a8\u09be \u0995\u09b0\u09c7\u0987 \u09b6\u09be\u09b8\u09cd\u09a4\u09cd\u09b0 \u09b8\u09ae\u09c2\u09b9\u09c7\u09b0 \u09ae\u09c2\u09b2\u0995\u09a5\u09be \u09a4\u09c1\u09b2\u09c7 \u09a7\u09b0\u09be\u09b0 \u09aa\u09cd\u09b0\u09df\u09be\u09b8 \u09aa\u09c7\u09df\u09c7\u099b\u09bf\u0964\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\tHi.\u00a0 You are putting your articles in the main space, which is meant for user pages and help pages.\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\tThis is a wiki for articles about local regions.\u00a0 It looks like you are creating pages about much too large a region-- the entire Indian subcontinent.\u00a0 This may not be an appropriate place for your work.</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/3/", "history_comment": "personal", "history_date": "2020-10-19T16:35:01.493", "history_type": 2, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/102656/", "history_user_ip": "139.30.78.96" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376699/", "name": "Petrova Field", "slug": "petrova field", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border image_right\"><img src=\"_files/Municipal%20field.jpg\" style=\"width: 384px; height: 400px;\"><span style=\"width: 384px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><em><a href=\"Adirondack%20Daily%20Enterprise\">Adirondack Daily Enterprise</a></em>, Jun 13, 1953 </span></span> <strong>Petrova Field</strong>, a portion of which is known\u00a0as <a href=\"Ken%20Wilson%20Field\">Ken Wilson Field</a> is the 15-acre athletic field behind <a href=\"Petrova%20School\">Petrova School</a>, off of <a href=\"Petrova%20Avenue\">Petrova Avenue</a>. \u00a0In 1930-31, it was known as <strong>Trudeau Memorial Field</strong>, and later\u00a0<span>was known as\u00a0</span><strong>Municipal field</strong>.\u00a0It was renamed\u00a0<strong>Ken Wilson Field</strong>\u00a0in 1987.\u00a0<span>\u00a0\u00a0</span><span>Until the 1980s it was owned by the village</span><span>.</span></p>\n<p>\n\tBefore the school was built it was known as <strong>Jenkins Field</strong> as it was originally the site of the <a href=\"Jenkins%20Farm\">Jenkins Farm</a>; <a href=\"Walter%20Jenkins\">Walter Jenkins</a> raised cabbages on the land that would become the ball fields. In the 1930s, '40s and '50s, Saranac Lake's semi-pro <a href=\"baseball\">baseball</a> teams, the <a href=\"Saranac%20Lake%20Red%20Sox\">Saranac Lake Red Sox</a> and the <a href=\"Saranac%20Lake%20Chiefs\">Saranac Lake Chiefs</a> played their games there.</p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border image_left\"><img src=\"_files/Circus%20in%20Saranac%20Lake.jpg\" style=\"width: 500px; height: 216px;\"><span style=\"width: 500px;\" class=\"image_caption\">The Circus on what would become Petrova field </span></span></p>\n<p>\n\tBetween 1949 and 1951, the field was used by the New York Football Giants as their training quarters. From 1946-1948 the field was rented to the Philadelphia Eagles football team for pre-season training.</p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border image_right\"><img src=\"_files/Boxing.jpg\" style=\"width: 362px; height: 500px;\"><span style=\"width: 362px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><em>Lake Placid News</em>, August 7, 1936</span></span><br>\n\tUntil the 1980 <a href=\"Winter%20Olympics\">Winter Olympics</a> the fields would be flooded in the winter to form the <a href=\"Petrova%20Rink\">Petrova Rink</a> for <a href=\"skating\">skating</a>.\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\tBeginning in the late 1940s the Petrova Field was the home to many local softball teams beginning with fast pitch softball in 1948. In 1973, slow pitch softball started, and eventually became known as the Blackfly Softball League.\u00a0 The Ladies softball league has also used this field for several decades starting in the 1970s.</p>\n<p>\n\tIt was also used by the <a href=\"circus\">circus</a>.</p>\n<hr>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<em><span>Ausable Forks Record-Post,</span></em><span> October 29, 1931</span></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong><span><span>TRUDEAU FIELD DEVELOPMENT IS CONSIDERED</span></span></strong></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<strong><span>Joint Undertaking Likely Between Village and School District</span></strong></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span>Development of Trudeau Memorial field as a recreational center by the combined efforts of the Saranac Lake village and school district now looms as the plan most likely to be adopted as the result of the survey being conducted by the village board of trustees.</span></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span>Although the proposed purchase of the <a href=\"Ampersand%20Bay\">Ampersand Bay</a> property of <a href=\"Lower%20Saranac%20Lake\">Lower Saranac Lake</a> for a sport center was defeated at a referendum of taxpayers a week ago, there was sufficient votes in favor of the project to indicate a recreational field of some kind is favored by the people. The village fathers, therefore, formed a committee to make a further study of the situation.</span></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span>The board of education is to be consulted regarding a united effort of the village and school district for development of Trudeau field, which is owned by the school district. As development of this site could include almost every popular sport at less cost than other sites proposed, it seems probable the boards will come to some kind of an agreement.</span></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span>Col. Kenneth Gardner, member of the school board, proposed development of Trudeau field when an active movement for a sport center was started about a year ago, and it is believed he and other trustees of the board of education will favor cooperation of the village at this time. The field was purchased recently by the school district at a cost of slightly more than $13,000 for seven acres.</span></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span>Trudeau Memorial field is the only athletic ground in the village of Saranac Lake and has been the scene of high school football and baseball games for a number of years. In addition, to these sports, it has been pointed out that the field provides ample room for a track, skating rink, hockey pen. toboggan slide, tennis courts and other facilities.</span></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span>The school authorities are Interested in providing recreational and sport facilities for youngsters and high school children, and feel that a properly supervised field will afford adults as much pleasure as children without either interfering with the other. It has been pointed out that children and adults use the same skating rink at Lake Placid Club.</span></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span>It is felt that the proximity of the school to the field would stimulate interest among the children in various Sports. It also has been suggested that an expert skater, possibly Ed. Lamey of that village, former international champion, might be engaged as an instructor.</span></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<span>The old <a href=\"Pines%20Club\">Pines Club</a> and Ampersand Bay also are to be given further consideration as a sport site for the coming winter, but as Trudeau field permanently is in possession of the school board, it is probable it will be selected as the site for further development.</span></p>\n<hr>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<em>Adirondack Record-Elizabethtown Post</em>, October 15, 1936</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<strong>SKATING RACES TO BE HELD AT SARANAC LAKE</strong></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<strong>North American Championship Events to be Held in Resort Village</strong></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe North American championship speed skating races were given to Saranac Lake village Saturday at a meeting of the Amateur Skating Union of the United States in Cleveland.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe decision is subject to approval by the Canadian union which is expected to ratify the award at its next meeting.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tWord of the award was received Sunday afternoon by Charles Goldsmith, a member of the skating committee of the Saranac Lake Athletic association under whose auspices the races will be conducted.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe races will be run off at the municipal field February 12 thru 14.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tSananac Lake will be host to the skaters this winter for the first time since 1931. The races had been staged there on several occasions prior to that time.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tJoseph K. Savage of New York city, a delegate to the Cleveland meeting, represented Saranac Lake's interests.</p>\n<hr>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<em>Adirondack Daily Enterprise</em>, March 4, 1953</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<strong>KENNEL CLUB SHOW FOR S.L.</strong></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tMrs. Robert L. Seekins, president of the Adirondack Kennel Club, today announced that the first approved American Kennel Club Point Show to be conducted by the Adirondack Kennel Club will be held at the Saranac Lake Municipal Field on Sunday, Aug. 9.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThere will be over five hundred dogs entered in the show and it is considered one of the most important events of the its kind ever conducted in this area.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tDr. <a href=\"Dorothy%20Steward\">Dorothy L. Steward</a>, Saranac Lake, has been appointed show secretary...</p>\n<hr>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<em>Adirondack Daily Enterprise</em>, April 23, 1953</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<strong>No Injuns Here But, Heap Big Rodeo Due </strong></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tMaps of 1779 placed the present location of Saranac Lake in \"Indian Country.\"</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tNow, the nearest Indian reservation is at Hogansburg, some 60 miles away, but nevertheless, the residents of Saranac Lake and the surrounding communities are looking forward to a genuine Wild West Rodeo which will take place at Saranac Lake's Municipal Field.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe rodeo stars <a href=\"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buster_Crabbe\">Buster Crabbe</a>, of movies and television fame, and will feature such unfamiliar sights in the North Country as bull dogging steers, roping calves and bucking horses. Thirty-five cowboys, cowgirls and Indians will compete. The Saranac Lake Championship Rodeo is expected to draw thousands of visitors from all over the east, as it's not often that the Wild West comes to the North Country.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe village of Saranac Lake is also a \"must\" for tourists visiting <a href=\"Robert%20Louis%20Stevenson\">Robert Louis Stevenson</a>'s home, John Brown's Grave, Old McDonald's Farm, Whiteface Mountain, Fort Ticonderoga, Frontier Town, AuSable Chasm and many other area points of interest.</p>\n<hr>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<em>Adirondack Daily Enterprise</em>, June 2, 1953</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\t<strong>LIGHTS ARE OUT FOR S.L. FIELD </strong></p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe lights are out insofar as Saranac Lake's Municipal Field is concerned. At least for the time being.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThere was an item of $8,000 for them in the bond resolution adopted last night by the Village Board. Since the item was inserted, the Trustees were informed that an efficient lighting system would cost approximately $18,000.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe matter was discussed for twelve minutes after Village Attorney Joseph Stephen asked for a vote. This was followed by a 23-minute discussion about a <a href=\"new%20National%20Guard%20Armory\">new National Guard Armory</a> for Saranac Lake. The Trustees then spent four minutes studying a new Chamber of Commerce folder. Trustee <a href=\"Ed%20Worthington\">Edward Worthington</a>, in answer to a question, then informed the Board that <a href=\"Robert%20Liddy\">Robert Liddy</a> had attended a wild-life association meeting in Washington.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe Trustees then came back to the matter of the $8,000 for a lighting system. They voted it down.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tThe bond issue as approved by the Trustees, subject to a vote of the taxpayers June 30, provides for:</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal indent1\">\n\tA municipal garage. Cost $52,000.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal indent1\">\n\t<a href=\"Paving%20Village%20Streets\">Street paving</a> this year and in 1954. Cost, $50,000.</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal indent1\">\n\tPurchase of <a href=\"Mount%20Pisgah\">Mt. Pisgah</a>. Cost, $16,000</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal indent1\">\n\tImprovement to Pisgah: $4,000</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tBy resolutions of the Board the following expenditures were approved \u2014 not subject to referendum:</p>\n<p class=\"MsoNormal\">\n\tAddition to the Municipal Field house, $1,000; improvement to the sewage disposal plant, $1,600; improvement to the Municipal bathing beach, $3,000; heating plant for the Fire House, $1,200; two garbage trucks, $7,000, and a trailer, $2,150.</p>\n<h2>\n\tComments</h2>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/23/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T15:27:09.927", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/382/", "history_user_ip": "142.105.251.222" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376698/", "name": "New York Route 86", "slug": "new york route 86", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>New York Route 86</strong> (NY 86) is a 39-mile long state highway that runs from <a href=\"Paul%20Smiths\">Paul Smiths</a> to Jay, New York. Much of the route follows the <a href=\"Old%20Military%20Road\">Old Military Road</a>.</p>\n<p>\n\tEarly road work was done by the residents who lived along the road using equipment purchased by the town. In 1894, the <a href=\"Town%20of%20Brighton\">Town of Brighton</a> bought a stone crusher and put a crushed-stone surface on the road from Paul Smiths to <a href=\"Gabriels\">Gabriels</a>, and in 1916, the town put asphalt down on that section, the <a href=\"paving%20village%20streets\">first paved road</a> in the town. <sup>1</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tThe NY 86 route designation was established in 1930 when the state renumbered most state routes, largely replacing a realigned NY 3. The portion of NY 86 north of <a href=\"Harrietstown\">Harrietstown</a> was once NY 192. The section from Saranac Lake to Lake Placid is known as the <a href=\"Sara-Placid%20Highway\">Sara-Placid Highway</a>.</p>\n<p>\n\tThe section from <a href=\"Peck%27s%20Corners\">Peck's Corners</a> to the north end of <a href=\"Broadway\">Broadway</a>, built in 1953, is named <a href=\"Lake%20Colby%20Drive\">Lake Colby Drive</a>. That section, and perhaps a bit farther north, was built on the abandoned right-of-way of the <a href=\"Mohawk%20and%20Malone%20Railway\">Mohawk and Malone Railroad</a>, which accounts for its level grade.</p>\n<table style=\"width: 60%;\">\n\t<tbody>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 19%;\">\n\t\t\t\t<strong>Old Address</strong></td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 19%;\">\n\t\t\t\t<strong><a href=\"Post-911%20Address\">Post-911 Address</a></strong></td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"width: 25%;\">\n\t\t\t\t<strong>Cottage Name</strong></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<strong>Cure Evidence</strong><strong>/Notes</strong></td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td colspan=\"4\" style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t<strong><a href=\"Easy%20Street\">Easy Street</a></strong></td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t216 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/216%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 111px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"216%20NY%2086\">216 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t222 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/222%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 112px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"222%20NY%2086\">222 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t225 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/225%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 112px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"225%20NY%2086\">225 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t226 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/226%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 114px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"226%20NY%2086\">226 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t232 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/232%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 112px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"232%20NY%2086\">232 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t236 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/236%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 109px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"236%20NY%2086\">236 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t237 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/237%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 111px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"237%20NY%2086\">237 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t240 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/240%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 111px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"240%20NY%2086\">240 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t243 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/243%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 112px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"243%20NY%2086\">243 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t248 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/248%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 112px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"248%20NY%2086\">248 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t249 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/249%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 113px;\"></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t254 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/254%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 118px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"254%20NY%2086\">254 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t259 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/259%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 111px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"259%20NY%2086\">259 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t262 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/262%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 112px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"262%20NY%2086\">262 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t265 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/265%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 111px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"265%20NY%2086\">265 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t272 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/272%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 110px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"272%20NY%2086\">272 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t273 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/273%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 112px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"273%20NY%2086\">273 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<a href=\"Pine%20Haven\">Pine Haven</a></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td colspan=\"5\" style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t<strong>End of <a href=\"Easy%20Street\">Easy Street</a></strong></td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t451 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/451%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 115px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"451%20NY%2086\">451 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td colspan=\"5\" style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t<strong><a href=\"Gabriels\">Gabriels</a></strong></td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tNY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/Gabriels%20Sanatorium.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 102px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"Gabriels%20Sanatorium\">Gabriels Sanatorium</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0(Camp Gabriels)</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td colspan=\"5\" style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t<strong>Passes <a href=\"Bert%20LaFountain%20Road\">Bert LaFountain Road</a> to the south <a href=\"Gabriels-Onchiota%20Road\">Gabriels-Onchiota Road</a> to the north</strong></td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t794 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/794%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 111px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"794%20NY%2086\">794 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t806 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/806%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 113px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"Gabriels%20Grange\">Gabriels Grange</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tNY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/Ted's%20Grocery.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 110px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"Ted%27s%20Grocery\">Ted's Grocery</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t805 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/805%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 111px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"805%20NY%2086\">805 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t815 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/815%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 111px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"815%20NY%2086\">815 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t826 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/Church%20of%20the%20Assumption.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 116px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"Church%20of%20the%20Assumption\">Church of the Assumption</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t878 NY 86</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/878%20NY%2086.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 112px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"878%20NY%2086\">878 NY 86</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<a href=\"Harrietstown%20Road\">Harrietstown Road</a></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/Linden's%20Brookside%20Cabins.jpg\" style=\"width: 150px; height: 100px;\"><span style=\"width: 150px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><a href=\"Linden%27s%20Brookside%20Cabins\">Linden's Brookside Cabins</a></span></span></td>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t</tbody>\n</table>\n<hr>\n<p>\n\t<em><a href=\"Adirondack%20Daily%20Enterprise\">Adirondack Daily Enterprise</a></em>, October 15, 1952</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>ROUTE 86 PLAN UP FOR HEARING ON OCTOBER 28</strong></p>\n<p>\n\tFinal plans for the improvement of the continuation of Route No. 10 coming down from Malone were made public today. They will be Up for approval at a public hearing to be held at 10 a.m. on October 28 in Malone.</p>\n<p>\n\tThe new road, actually a part of Route No. 86, is the result of the endeavors of Assemblyman <a href=\"Robert%20Main\">Robert Main</a> and the Franklin County Board of Supervisors headed by <a href=\"Hayward%20Plumadore\">Hayward Plumadore</a>, of <a href=\"Harrietstown\">Harrietstown</a>. Completion of the highway improvement by the State will leave only one \"bad entrance\" to Saranac Lake \u2014 <a href=\"New%20York%20Route%203\">Route No. 3</a> from Tupper Lake.</p>\n<p>\n\tAnd, Mr. Plumadore said today, this highway job is in category one on the State Highway Department's agenda.</p>\n<p>\n\tThe plans for the Route No. 86 improvement show a 1.79-mile highway extending from the point north of the <a href=\"D.%20Cohen%20and%20Sons\">Cohen store</a> where the old railroad track crosses the present road to <a href=\"Durgan%27s\">Durgan's</a>.</p>\n<p>\n\tIn as straight a line as possible the proposed road runs from Cohen's store to he old <a href=\"New%20York%20Central\">New York Central</a> Railroad tracks, then deviates from the present road and follows straight along the road bed of the old tracks, past the site of the old Latour ice house, along the edge of <a href=\"Colby%20Pond\">Colby Pond</a> in as straight a line as possible, still following the old road bed to a point back of Durgan's. This is where the plans released today end.</p>\n<p>\n\tTo build the new road, varied properties will have to be acquired, including land owned by the railroad, <a href=\"Leon%20Latour\">Leon Latour</a>, <a href=\"Mrs.%20William%20Morris\">Mrs. William Morris</a> and <a href=\"J.%20Bronson%20Trevor\">J. Bronson Trevor</a>.</p>\n<hr>\n<p>\n\t<em><a href=\"Adirondack%20Daily%20Enterprise\">Adirondack Daily Enterprise</a></em>, August 11, 1953</p>\n<p>\n\t[T]he <a href=\"Village%20Trustee\">Village Trustee</a>s have another problem\u2014getting a name for the new State road from <a href=\"Lake%20Colby\">Lake Colby</a> that is now under construction.</p>\n<p>\n\tJudge <a href=\"Gordon%20Vosburgh\">Gordon Vosburgh</a>, representing the <a href=\"Harrietstown\">Harrietstown</a> Town Board, attended last night's meeting of the Trustees to suggest that the Town and Village Boards hold a joint meeting to name the new entrance to town.</p>\n<p>\n\t\"The road will be finished in December,\" Judge Vosburgh said. \"and it if it has no name there won't be any mail deliveries on it.\"</p>\n<p>\n\t<a href=\"Alton%20B.%20Anderson\">Mayor Anderson</a> suggested \"Morris Road\", in honor of the late <a href=\"William%20Morris\">William Morris</a>, or \"<a href=\"Northwest%20Bay%20Road\">Northwest Bay Road</a>\". Trustee <a href=\"Vernon%20Wamsganz\">Vernon Wamsganz</a> mentioned \"Lake Colby Boulevard\". No action was taken by the Trustees who asked for suggestions from the public.</p>\n<h2>\n\tComments</h2>\n<h2>\n\tFootnotes</h2>\n<p>\n\t1. <em><a href=\"The%20Brighton%20Story\">The Brighton Story</a></em>, p. 54</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/23/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T15:22:10.579", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/382/", "history_user_ip": "142.105.251.222" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376697/", "name": "Saranac Lake Board of Health", "slug": "saranac lake board of health", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border image_right\"><img src=\"_files/Report.jpg\" style=\"width: 219px; height: 400px;\"><span style=\"width: 219px;\" class=\"image_caption\">One of the records kept by the Board of Health </span></span> The <strong>Saranac Lake Board of Health</strong> was created in 1896. In 1908, they published a Health Code that won the silver medal of the Tuberculosis Congress. <sup>1</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tDr. <a href=\"Ezra%20S.%20McClellan\">Ezra S. McClellan</a> served as president in its early years; Dr. <a href=\"E.%20R.%20Baldwin\">E. R. Baldwin</a> was president from 1899 to 1901; Dr. <a href=\"Bradley%20Sageman\">Bradley Sageman</a> served as president in the 1950s.</p>\n<p class=\"indent1\">\n\t\"Experience discloses the fact that commendatory appreciation of the endeavors of individuals to conform with sanitary requirements, which often are irksome and apparently unnecessary and detailed explanation of the necessity for fulfilling the requirements of the Health ordinances, will accomplish more than pages of threatening invective or even judicial writs of coercion.\"\u2014 <em>Bulletin Saranac Lake Board of Health</em> Vol. i No. 6. Quoted in the <em>The Ohio public health journal of the Ohio State board of health</em>, Volume 8, p. 211. <a href=\"http://books.google.com/books?id=PYwsAAAAYAAJ&amp;pg=PA211&amp;lpg=PA211&amp;dq=%22saranac+lake+board+of+health&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=ep7COUECUa&amp;sig=dXGVnk3fRAYPRlu_eXCZa1Qc5gc&amp;hl=en&amp;ei=wiHCSsS8BM3T8Aayq-D-CA&amp;sa=X&amp;oi=book_result&amp;ct=result&amp;resnum=6#v=onepage&amp;q=%22saranac%20lake%20board%20of%20health&amp;f=false\">link</a></p>\n<hr>\n<p class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<em>The World's Work</em>, Vol.24, May to October, 1912, Garden City: Doubleday, Page &amp; Co.</p>\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<strong><span>SANITARY SARANAC LAKE</span></strong></p>\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"gtxtbodygtxtlineated\">\n\t<strong><span>A SMALL TOWN THAT HAS HAD ONLY SEVENTEEN DEATHS FROM CONTAGIOUS DISEASES IN TWELVE YEARS \u2014<br>\n\tA MODEL WATER SUPPLY, SEWERAGE SYSTEM, AND A REMARKABLE HEALTH CODE THAT IS ENFORCED </span></strong></p>\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<span>BY</span></p>\n<p style=\"text-align: center;\" class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<a href=\"Stephen%20Chalmers\"><span>STEPHEN CHALMERS</span></a></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<em><span>(The World's Work announced, in May last, a prize of </span></em>$100 <em><span>to be awarded for the best article on the sanitary regeneration of a small town. The editors chose the following article, from the many excellent manuscripts that were submitted, as being the most sug~ gestive to other small communities that confront the problem of improving their health conditions.) </span></em></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<span>A COMMERCIAL traveler came out of the dining room of a Saranac Lake hotel last winter and casually expectorated over the verandah railing. A plain man in plain clothes walked up to him, announced himself as a health officer, and placed the drummer under arrest.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<span>\"But \u2014 Good Lord!\" exploded the commercial stranger. \"This is beyond the limit.\"</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<span>\"Spitting in public places is a misdemeanor,\" said the health man, unemotionally.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtbody\">\n\t<span>\"But \u2014 Great Ginger!\" exclaimed the drummer. There was little more that he could say, for he knew of the existence of similar ordinances elsewhere, but elsewhere they were mostly honored in the breach.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>\"But not here,\" said the health officer, as he led his prisoner toward the office of a</span><span> justice of the peace. \"We had an anti-spitting ordinance in this town before ever the State Board of Health or New York City passed one. We are beating them to it in the enforcement, likewise.\"</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>\"Well, what's a man to do?\" the drummer demanded, furiously.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>\"There are cuspidors at the hotels,\" said the officer. \"Outside, if you <em><span>must </span></em>expectorate, use one of these,\" \u2014 handing the prisoner a patent paper pocket cuspidor such as you can buy at any drug store for about a dollar a gross. \"And burn the old one before you use a fresh one,\" added the health officer.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>As the drummer was a stranger and did not know his Saranac Lake, the judge discharged him with a reprimand. The first act of the commercial traveler when he regained the street and liberty, was to expectorate once more \u2014 this time, let us say, in an excess of agitation. Again a hand fell on his shoulder, and again he was led before the justice.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>\"So soon again?\" said the judge. \"Ten dollars!\"</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>As the drummer paid the fine he asked the health officer with much sarcasm if this was the spotless town he had heard of where they scrubbed the streets every morning with patent soap.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>\"No,\" said the Board of Health man, smiling. \"We just hose the ignorant with common sense and let it go at that.\"</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>But Saranac Lake, a pretty little town in the Adirondacks with a population of 5,000, is as deserving of the title, \"spotless town,\" as any place of any size in the United States. Notwithstanding that young inhabitants can remember when there was no railroad connection between it and the world, it has been a pioneer in the practice of a scientific sanitary code. Saranac Lake's code has wielded a widespread influence and its example was not lost upon New York City and upon the New York State Board of Health when the latter came to make its general code. Furthermore, in 1908 a national congress of eminent physicians, assembled at Washington, saw fit to award Saranac Lake a medal for the excellent preventive and curative health ordinances which govern that rural community.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Briefly, here is a town of at present 5,000 resident inhabitants, where, since the health ordinances were put into force in 1896-7 \u2014</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>1.\u00a0\u00a0 There have been no deaths from measles or scarlet fever;</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>2. \u00a0 There have been but 2 deaths from diphtheria, one being of a child <em><span>brought into </span></em>the town in an advanced stage of the disease;</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>3.\u00a0\u00a0 Typhoid fever has claimed only 10 in fifteen years, 6 deaths occurring in the first four years of the Health Board's existence, and the remaining 4 <em><span>in the ensuing ten years, when the population had more than doubled; </span></em></span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>4.\u00a0\u00a0 Tuberculosis claimed, during the first four years of the Health Board's, existence, from 1897 to 1900 inclusive, one person in 693; from 1901 to 1905 inclusive, one person in 1,241; and from 1906 to 1911 inclusive, one person in 3,125.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>The figures on tuberculosis are for the resident population, which has increased during the Board's existence from about 1,500 to 5,000. In fairness to the town I exclude from death statistics a floating population of about 1,000 persons going and coming to and from all parts of the United States in search of a tuberculosis cure. The present average annual death rate from all causes for the total number of persons in the town is about 150 annually. Comparing this with the figures for the resident population, one will at once perceive where the greater number of deaths from all causes comes from. As a great many victims of tuberculosis go to Saranac Lake as a last hope, and already in a dying condition, it would be unfair to the town to consider such deaths as any criterion of the place's general health.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Twenty years ago Saranac Lake was a backwoods hamlet with a population of less than 1,000, cut off from the world by forty miles of wilderness, drawing its water in buckets and barrels, emptying its sewerage and garbage at the back door, more or less ridden with typhoid, diphtheria, and other communicable diseases. To-day \u2014</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>1. \u00a0\u00a0 It has a sewerage and water supply system which is far ahead of that in any other town of its size;</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>2.\u00a0\u00a0 Its streets are paved and the town is lighted throughout by electricity;</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>3.\u00a0\u00a0 It has a street-cleaning department, a fire department, an efficient police force, and a body of general inspectors of town conditions;</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>4.\u00a0\u00a0 Its merchants and physicians are organized in a Board of Health, a Board of Trade, and a <a href=\"TB%20Society\">Society for the Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis</a>;</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>5.\u00a0\u00a0 Its matrons are organized in a <a href=\"Village%20Improvement%20Society\">Village Improvement Society</a> for the general uplift of the town and directly for the encouragement of the sanitary household;</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn indent1\">\n\t<span>6.\u00a0\u00a0 And it is a town where the percentage of deaths among resident inhabitants, from contagious diseases contracted within the town limits, is a minimum difficult of figuring because several years may elapse without a single death occurring under this head or that.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>This last item is the more astonishing when it is considered that a large proportion of the resident population went to the town with tuberculosis, was cured of it, liked the place, and settled there.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>The proof of Saranac's claim is that, although there are never less than 1,000 cases of tuberculosis in or around the town (transient patients), there is no case on record of any resident contracting the disease through proximity. The health measures in this rural town are such that any germ of any disease is at least corralled in the person who has it. Saranac Lake has established beyond argument that Hester Street or Hell's Kitchen could be as immune as this mountain town, if either were similarly regulated. The motto of the municipal crusaders against communicable diseases might well be:</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>\"Take care of the garbage and the air will take care of itself.\"</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Everybody who has read the letters written by <a href=\"Robert%20Louis%20Stevenson\">Robert Louis Stevenson</a> from Saranac Lake in 1887-8 must have a fairly clear idea of what conditions were then.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<strong><span>AS STEVENSON KNEW THE TOWN</span></strong></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>It was a scattering of shacks along the banks of the <a href=\"Saranac%20River\">Saranac River</a>, which was at once the main sewer, the main water supply, and the family washtub. Typhoid vied with diphtheria to head the death statistics (if they were ever kept!). The winter air and the night air were dreaded, for those were the dark ages. There was tuberculosis then among the resident population, for it was cold and the houses were kept almost hermetically sealed. The living room was practically the woodyard in winter. Fuel was the principal furniture, for the stoves were voracious. Stevenson was not the only man in Saranac who locked himself up with wood smoke and tobacco reek and turned a deaf ear to that exponent of the efficacy of fresh air, Dr. Trudeau.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>The garbage was heaved out at the backdoor (and the door shut \u2014 quick!); the water was thawed from blocks of ice of a morning, and there was usually a sediment of mixed matter at the bottom of the family drinking pitcher; and when the spring thaw bared the scrap heap of winter, there came an aroma \u2014 no, a plain smell! \u2014 upon the land, and much sickness descended upon the people.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>In the warm summer months matters were worse \u2014 naturally. The only thing that preserved the Saranackers was that they were an outdoor people, of necessity \u2014 men of the woods, mighty hunters \u2014 and they waxed healthy enough in summer and fall to face winter's insanitary conditions with a minimum of deaths from diphtheria and typhoid and tuberculosis.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Then came the railroad extension to Saranac Lake in 1888. With the coming of the first train there awakened the native instinct of a shrewd people. At the approach of strangers, Mrs. Saranac rolled up her sleeves and bought a cake of soap. She scrubbed the village from top to bottom (it is built mostly on end), aired the rooms and made a flower garden, while her husband, Silas, put the pig-sty well to leeward, gathered all the information he could get about city ideas and city ways, and prepared to meet the city people for the honor of the family and the village.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>But if the city people in 1888 had more ideas about sanitation than Silas Saranac had, a great many of them were wrong. It was not long before Saranac Lake took advantage of every city idea of sanitation that struck the village wiseheads as being good. At the same time, and at the advice<span class=\"gtxtcolumn1\"> of Dr. Trudeau, Saranac Lake tabled some accepted ideas of sanitation which, it decided, belonged to the dark ages.</span></span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<strong><span>BUILDING HOUSES INSIDE OUT</span></strong></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Then a town began to build \u2014 suddenly, it is true, but very carefully. Most of the city people who came to the hills seemed to thrive on the fresh air (it could hardly be on the food, which was distinctly inferior); so between one day and the next shrewd Silas Saranac came to the conclusion that he had been fooling himself all along about the deadliness of air. He acted upon this conclusion and built his new house inside out. To-day the Saranac Lake houses are all inside out, and they will become more so as time and architecture roll on.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Up to 1892, however, nothing really effective was done toward those excellent sanitary measures which were destined to win the medal of a great congress of health experts. Then the man came to the mountain hamlet who was needed to make it what it is\u2014 Dr. <a href=\"Ezra%20S.%20McClellan\">Ezra S. McClellan</a>, of Georgetown, O.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>One year after his arrival the first public water supply was turned on. It came from a reservoir on one of the hills, the water being pumped by a turbine direct from the river. Less than twelve months later, a small sewer was laid. This was between 1892 and 1894.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>In later years, when the rapid growth of the community necessitated re-improvement, and on a larger scale, Dr. McClellan, who in the meantime had become a member of an organized Board of Health, was appointed president of a Board of Sewer and Water Commissioners. It was McClellan's enthusiasm more than anything, perhaps \u2014 and it shows what one man can do in a community \u2014 that led to the installation of Saranac Lake's present excellent water and sewer system. The system itself was planned, I believe, by Professor Olin H. Landreth, of Union College, Schenectady.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>About this time the supply dam broke and the water supply was badly polluted as a result. Dr. McClellan started legislation to have the dam rebuilt. A measure was introduced at Albany toward this end. On the day before the signing of bills, Dr. McClellan received private information by wire that Governor Black meant to veto the proposition. The valiant doctor jumped on a train and reached Albany and the Governor at the eleventh hour and fifty-ninth second.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>\"Governor Black,\" said he, \"years ago the state of New York built a dam in the Saranac River six miles above our village. That dam is now dilapidated, The water is frightful. Existing conditions are such that a terrible epidemic of typhoid threatens us. The <em><span>village </span></em>of Saranac Lake holds the <em><span>state </span></em>of New York responsible!\"</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>It was a terrible responsibility. Governor Black signed the bill and the dam was rebuilt.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Still the Board of Health of Saranac Lake was not satisfied. Again it was Dr. McClellan who questioned the perfectness of the water supply. After lengthy argument the village found itself in a position to advertise its drinking-fluid as the real honey-dew -- the milk of paradise. The town purchased and deeded to the state an isolated little lake at the base of Mount McKenzie. This natural reservoir, fed by numerous mountain brooks, is surrounded by state forests. Bathing, fishing, even boating, are forbidden there. The water is liquid crystal and it is protected by the state for all time.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Incidentally, having now a fine water pressure, another village board organized a fire department and a street-cleaning department, and bought a sprinkler to lay dust. It is really remarkable what a lot of things can be done with plain water \u2014 and soap \u2014 and a little ginger!</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>To go back to the real beginning, it was in July, 1896, that Saranac Lake organized its Board of Health. The best of the town's level heads came together at its meetings. One of the first measures passed was the anti-spitting ordinance. This was in December, 1896. Thus, New York City was \"beaten to it,\" as the health officer said to the drummer, by several months.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>It is characteristic of the admirable solemnity of a country board that this anti-spitting ordinance was not passed for fun, or to satisfy any faction of the ultrafastidious. \"Good sanitation as well as good manners\" required it, said Silas<span class=\"gtxtcolumn1\"> Saranac. The man of the street and the hotel verandah who punctuates a yarn with deadly expectorate periods, laughed at the ordinance until he found himself haled before a judge. Nowadays, an arrest for reckless punctuation is rare in Saranac Lake. To some, the cost appeals strongly: to most, the ordinance is too blessed to be violated.</span></span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Next, the Board of Health used diphtheria anti-toxin for the first time in Franklin County, and found it good. Then came compulsory disinfection (by the use of formaldehyde) of all rooms in hotels and boarding-houses vacated by persons even suspected of having a communicable disease; and the requirement that hotel and boarding house keepers not only disinfect vacated rooms, hut also foot the bill! The Board realized that greater numbers were coming every year to Saranac Lake in search of a cure for tuberculosis, and that it would be a terrible burden upon the taxpayers to pay the cost of the fumigations incidental to a transient population of 1,000, more or less all the time. And so, in most cases, the \"extra\" creeps into the guests' bills, which is fair enough. In protecting others against him, he is being protected against others. This provision of the ordinance is probably unique in either codes.'</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<strong><span>A PRIZE-WINNING HEALTH CODE.</span></strong></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>It was not until 1908 that the work which the Saranac Lake Board of Health had done since its organization in 1896 was published as a completed sanitary code. It was this code which, in the same year, won for the town the silver medal of the Tuberculosis Congress. New York City, I think, took the first prize. This code covers everything imaginable that might touch good health. It even forbids keeping a profane parrot, and, abolishing pigs altogether, declares that in Saranac Lake one must not keep chickens. The latter ordinance, to round out perfection with a flaw, is studiously winked at!</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>In 1908-9 Saranac Lake put the finishing touches to its town by <a href=\"Paving%20Village%20Streets\">paving the two business thoroughfares</a> and the main residential street, and at the present moment the paving of the whole town is under consideration. Reeking lamps were abolished years ago. All lighting is now by electricity.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Before Dr. McClellan died he heard men speak of that metamorphosed backwoods hamlet as \"the metropolis of the Adirondacks,\" paved, electric-lighted, modern yet rurally charming, and with an impregnable sanitary code. He could well say, \"only seventeen deaths in twelve years from any contagious diseases, including typhoid\" \u2014 and die happy!</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>The remarkable thing about Saranac Lake's ordinances is that they mean business until' repealed. The town is absolutely in accord about its health ordinances. There are few complaints and few violations. The former are attended to with a promptness, and the latter with a severity, that inspires not so much fear as confidence and respect. But the housekeepers of Saranac Lake are proud of their town and its sanitation, The women are the directors of the Village Improvement Society, which is the censor of every other board or society in town. To the influence of this gentle board of energetic women is due, perhaps, the absence of disorderly saloons, gilded palaces, and the resulting social evil. Few communities of even less than 5,000 inhabitants can truthfully say that there is not a single house of evil repute within miles of its limits.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Then, too, this society of women sets an example and takes a stern interest in garbage disposal, the acquiring and beautifying of parks and playgrounds, and expresses itself (when it becomes necessary) upon matters of street-cleaning, social organizations, the public library, or upon any other subject which it fancies the busy men have overlooked.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>After all, health and progress in any community depend upon the proper conduct of the individual household. As woman is, or should be, supreme in the home, it would seem that, after the men have laid the sewer and turned on the water, the rest depends greatly upon the wife and her perception of the real opportunities under her nose.</span></p>\n<p class=\"gtxtcolumn\">\n\t<span>Mrs. Silas Saranac saw hers and bought a cake of soap. To-day she is, as the Scotch would say, \"the proud woman!\"</span></p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\tFootnotes</h2>\n<p>\n\t1. <em>The World's Work, Volume XXIV, May to October, 1912, A History of our Time</em>, Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page &amp; Company, 1912, pp. 584-585. <a href=\"http://books.google.com/books?id=E28AAAAAYAAJ&amp;pg=PA584&amp;dq=%22Ezra+S.+McClellan%22&amp;ei=XnepSpK8Hqq6ywS-_timCg&amp;client=firefox-a#v=onepage&amp;q=%22Ezra%20S.%20McClellan%22&amp;f=false\">link</a></p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/23/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T15:19:56.987", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/382/", "history_user_ip": "142.105.251.222" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376696/", "name": "Ezra S. McClellan", "slug": "ezra s. mcclellan", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border image_right\"><img src=\"_files/Map%20of%20McClellan%20Estate.jpg\" style=\"width: 600px; height: 407px;\"><span style=\"width: 600px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Undated. Courtesy of <a href=\"Mary%20Hotaling\">Mary Hotaling</a> </span></span> <strong>Born:</strong> November 7, 1824 in Georgetown, Ohio, a son of John McClellan and Lydia Spencer</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Died:</strong> December 2, 1911 in Northampton, Massachusetts, buried in Cedar Lawn Cemetery, Paterson, New Jersey</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Married: </strong>Catherine Ann\u00a0Kinsell (1835 - 1913), November 7, 1858 in Paterson, New Jersey</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Children:</strong> Daisietta, <a href=\"Katherine%20Elizabeth%20McClellan\">Katherine Elizabeth</a>, Annie b. January 13, 1871 d. 1871</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Dr. Ezra S. McClellan</strong> moved to Saranac Lake for the health of his daughter, <a href=\"Daisietta%20McClellan\">Daisietta</a>. He bought the land upon which <a href=\"Highland%20Park\">Highland Park</a> would be built, adjacent to the <a href=\"Adirondack%20Cottage%20Sanitarium\">Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium</a> from Dr. <a href=\"Edward%20L.%20Trudeau\">Edward L. Trudeau</a> in 1894. <sup>1</sup> As real estate values were booming, McClellan began to develop the area by 1898, selling parcels with deed restrictions designed to ensure that only expensive residential structures would be built.</p>\n<p>\n\tAfter Dr. McClellan's death in 1911, his daughters continued to sell the last few parcels of land within the district through the 1920s.</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Source:</strong></p>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.oprhp.state.ny.us/hpimaging/hp_view.asp?GroupView=3397\">National Register of Historic Places Registration Form</a></li>\n</ul>\n<hr>\n<p>\n\t<em>Massena Observer</em>, September 8, 1910</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>PHYSICIAN STRUCK BY TRAIN</strong></p>\n<p>\n\tSaranac Lake, Sept. 4.\u2014Dr. E. S. McClellan, 80 years of age, president of the board of health for the past twelve years, was struck by a train at the <a href=\"Bloomingdale%20avenue\">Bloomingdale avenue</a> crossing yesterday, thrown from his carriage and received injuries which may prove fatal. His right arm was broken, his back injured, to what extent physicians have not yet determined, and he was cut and bruised about the body.</p>\n<p>\n\tDr. McClellan was accustomed to drive alone, in spite of his advanced years. He is slightly deaf. He was driving north across the tracks and evidently did not see the passenger train approaching from the east. The flagman, who has charge of two crossings about 100 feet apart, shouted to the physician to halt, but the driver did not hear until his horse was on the tracks.</p>\n<p>\n\tPerceiving his danger Dr. McClellan drew his whip and tried to hurry the animal across the tracks. It was too late, however, and the locomotive struck the rig at the dashboard, throwing Dr. McClellan to one side of the tracks and the horse to the other. The animal was killed.</p>\n<p>\n\tThe aged physician was taken into his home and several surgeons summoned. This morning it was said that the doctor might live.</p>\n<p>\n\tDr. McClellan has had a prominent part in the development and growth of Saranac lake. He has been at the head of the <a href=\"Saranac%20Lake%20Board%20of%20Health\">Department of Health</a> for more than a decade. He drew most of the health code in force here, and which received the first prize at the International Tuberculosis Congress held at Washington, D. C.</p>\n<hr>\n<p class=\"indent1\">\n\tFrom <em>The World's Work, Volume XXIV, May to October, 1912, A History of our Time</em>, Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page &amp; Company, 1912, pp. 584-585. <a href=\"http://books.google.com/books?id=E28AAAAAYAAJ&amp;pg=PA584&amp;dq=%22Ezra+S.+McClellan%22&amp;ei=XnepSpK8Hqq6ywS-_timCg&amp;client=firefox-a#v=onepage&amp;q=%22Ezra%20S.%20McClellan%22&amp;f=false\">link</a></p>\n<p>\n\tUp to 1892, however, nothing really effective was done toward those excellent sanitary measures which were destined to win the medal of a great congress of health experts. Then the man came to the mountain hamlet who was needed to make it what it is \u2014 Dr. Ezra S. McClellan of Georgetown, O[hio].</p>\n<p>\n\tOne year after his arrival the first public water supply was turned on. It came from a <a href=\"reservoir\">reservoir</a> on one of the hills, the water being pumped by a turbine direct from the river. Less than twelve months later, a small sewer was laid. This was between 1892 and 1894.</p>\n<p>\n\tIn later years when the rapid growth of the community necessitated re-improvement, and on a larger scale, Dr. McClellan, who in the meantime had become a member of an organized Board of Health, was appointed president of a Board of Sewer and Water Commissioners. It was McClellan's enthusiasm more than anything perhaps \u2014 and it shows what one man can do in a community \u2014 that led to the installation of Saranac Lake's present excellent water and sewer system. The system itself was planned I believe by Professor Olin H. Landreth of Union College Schenectady.</p>\n<p>\n\tAbout this time the supply dam broke and the water supply was badly polluted as a result. Dr. McClellan started legislation to have the dam rebuilt. A measure was introduced at Albany toward this end. On the day before the signing of bills, Dr. McClellan received private information by wire that Governor Black meant to veto the proposition. The valiant doctor jumped on a train and reached Albany and the Governor at the eleventh hour and fifty-ninth second.</p>\n<p>\n\t\"Governor Black,\" said he, \"years ago the state of New York built a dam in the Saranac River six miles above our village. That dam is now dilapidated. The water is frightful. Existing conditions are such that a terrible epidemic of typhoid threatens us. The <em>village</em> of Saranac Lake holds the <em>state</em> of New York responsible!\"</p>\n<p>\n\tIt was a terrible responsibility. Governor Black signed the bill and the dam was rebuilt.</p>\n<p>\n\tStill the Board of Health of Saranac Lake was not satisfied. Again it was Dr. McClellan who questioned the perfectness of the water supply. After lengthy argument the village found itself in a position to advertise its drinking fluid as the real-honey dew \u2014 the milk of paradise. The town purchased and deeded to the state an isolated little lake at the base of Mount McKenzie. This natural reservoir, fed by numerous mountain brooks, is surrounded by state forests. Bathing, fishing, even boating are forbidden there. The water is liquid crystal and it is protected by the state for all time.</p>\n<p>\n\tIncidentally, having now a fine water pressure, another village board organized a fire department and a street cleaning department and bought a sprinkler to lay dust. It is really remarkable what a lot of things can be done with plain water \u2014 and soap \u2014 and a little ginger!</p>\n<p>\n\tTo go back to the real beginning, it was in July, 1896 that Saranac Lake organized its Board of Health. The best of the town's level heads came together at its meetings. One of the first measures passed was the <a href=\"anti-spitting%20ordinance\">anti-spitting ordinance</a>. This was in December, 1896. Thus New York City was 1896 City \"beaten to it\" [...] by several months.</p>\n<p>\n\tIt is characteristic of the admirable solemnity of a country board that this anti-spitting ordinance was not passed for fun, or to satisfy any faction of the ultra fastidious. \"Good sanitation as well as good manners required it,\" said [the residents]. The man of the street and the hotel verandah who punctuates a yarn with deadly expectorate periods, laughed at the ordinance until he found himself haled before a judge. Nowadays an arrest for reckless punctuation is rare in Saranac Lake. To some, the cost appeals strongly: to most, the ordinance is too blessed to be violated.</p>\n<p>\n\tNext, the Board of Health used diphtheria anti-toxin for the first time in Franklin County, and found it good. Then came compulsory <a href=\"disinfection\">disinfection</a> (by the use of formaldehyde) of all rooms in hotels and boarding houses vacated by persons even suspected of having a communicable disease; and the requirement that hotel and boarding house keepers not only disinfect vacated rooms, but also foot the bill! The Board realized that greater numbers were coming every year to Saranac Lake in search of a cure for tuberculosis and that it would be a terrible burden upon the taxpayers to pay the cost of the fumigations incidental to a transient population of 1,000, more or less, all the time. And so, in most cases, the \"extra\" creeps into the guest's bills, which is fair enough. In protecting against him, he is being protected against others. This provision of the ordinance probably unique in either codes.</p>\n<p>\n\tA PRIZE WINNING HEALTH CODE</p>\n<p>\n\tIt was not until 1908 that the which the work which the Saranac Lake Board of had done since its organization in 1896 was published as a completed sanitary code. It was this code which, in the same year, won for the town the silver medal of the Tuberculosis Congress. New York City, I think took, the first prize. This code covers everything imaginable that might touch good health. It even forbids keeping a profane parrot, and abolishing pigs altogether, declares that in Saranac Lake one must not keep <a href=\"chickens\">chickens</a>. The latter ordinance, to round out perfection with a flaw, is studiously winked at.</p>\n<p>\n\tIn 1908-9 Saranac Lake put the finishing touches to its town by <a href=\"Paving%20Village%20Streets\">paving the two business thoroughfares</a> and the main residential street, and at the present moment the paving of the whole town is under consideration. Reeking lamps were abolished years ago. All lighting is now by electricity.</p>\n<p>\n\tBefore Dr. McClellan died, he heard men speak of that metamorphosed backwoods hamlet as \"the metropolis of the Adirondacks,\" paved, electric-lighted, modern, yet rurally charming, and with an impregnable sanitary code. He could well say \"only seventeen deaths in twelve years from any contagious diseases including typhoid\" \u2014 and die happy!</p>\n<h2>\n\tFootnotes</h2>\n<p>\n\t1. <em>Lake Placid News</em>, September 3, 1943</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/23/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T15:17:32.704", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/382/", "history_user_ip": "142.105.251.222" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376695/", "name": "Carroll Fife", "slug": "carroll fife", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border image_right\"><img src=\"_files/Screen%20Shot%202020-08-07%20at%203.54.19%20PM.png\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 246px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Carroll Fife</span></span></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Carroll Fife</strong> is a candidate for <a href=\"Oakland%20City%20Council\">Oakland City Council</a> for <a href=\"District%203\">District 3</a>. As executive director of <a href=\"https://www.acceaction.org/oakland\">ACCE Oakland</a>, she helped found <a href=\"https://moms4housing.org/\">Moms for Housing</a> and passed legislation at the state and local level to build collective power for tenants. She has fought back against police terrorism and helped to build a network of Black organizations and individuals working together for community self-determination. Carroll has worked behind the scenes in Oakland electoral politics for over a decade as the founder of Black Women in Elected Leadership PAC and an elected member of the <a href=\"https://oaklandnaacp.org/\">Oakland NAACP</a>\u2019s Executive Committee. Since 2014, she has managed several campaigns, including Oakland's first ever slate of all Black women candidates for City Council and the OUSD Board. She was a 2016 and 2020 delegate for <a href=\"https://berniesanders.com/\">Bernie Sanders</a> and is a member of the 2020 Platform Committee for the DNC (see <a href=\"https://democrats.org/where-we-stand/party-platform/\">DNC Platform</a>)</p>\n<p>\n\tCarrol Fife played a leadership role in the following legislative and electoral acheivements:</p>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\tFounding the <a href=\"https://www.oaklandca.gov/departments/race-and-equity\">Oakland Department of Race and Equity</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tThe Cannabis Equity permit system</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tProtecting the Coliseum area from gentrification</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tOakland\u2019s emergency eviction moratorium and pandemic eviction ban</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tCity Council reopening the City budget in order to defund OPD</li>\n</ul>\n<p>\n\tWebsite <a href=\"https://www.carrollfife.org/\">https://www.carrollfife.org/</a></p>\n<p>\n\tFacebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/carrollfifeforcouncil/\">https://www.facebook.com/carrollfifeforcouncil/</a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\t<strong>Platform</strong></h2>\n<p>\n\tThe main points of Carroll Fife's platform (see details <a href=\"https://www.carrollfife.org/platform\">here</a>)</p>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<strong>Housing as a Human Right</strong>.\u00a0</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<strong>Defund OPD to fund the Black New Deal.</strong></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<span><strong>Supporting Essential Workers.\u00a0</strong></span></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<strong>Tax the Rich. </strong></li>\n</ul>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h3>\n\t<em>Wall Street has already shown us what it will do if left unchecked: Financial speculators will have free rein to continue exploiting the basic human need for safe and secure shelter \u2014 a need that is even greater during a pandemic. Such a move against struggling families would further entrench already terrible wealth disparities, making the promise of affordable housing an ever-dwindling possibility for hard-working families. The good news is that we know how to keep this from happening. Now we just have to have the courage to do it.</em>\u2014Senator Elizabeth Warren and Carroll Fife</h3>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\tIn state and national news</h2>\n<p>\n\t<em>Mother Jones</em>, <strong><a href=\"https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2020/10/carroll-fife-moms-4-housing-oakland-city-council-black-panther-radical-legacy/\">A Radical Housing Activist Wants to Upend Oakland Government from the Inside</a></strong>. \u201cI want to create a real transparent process where I try to engage democracy.\u201d</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Washington Post</em>, <strong>by Senator Elizabeth Warren and Carroll Fife</strong>, <strong><a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/08/06/nation-is-facing-housing-crisis-private-equity-firms-just-see-dollar-signs/\">Families see a looming catastrophe. Private equity firms see dollar signs</a>. </strong>(see quote above.)</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Vogue</em> <strong><a href=\"https://www.vogue.com/article/moms-4-housing\">These Moms Fought for a Home\u2014And Started a Movement\u00a0 </a></strong>\u201c'We\u2019re actually experiencing the second wave of devastation from the foreclosure crisis in Oakland, because now folks are getting ridiculous rent increases after losing their homes\u2014and that\u2019s only if they\u2019re lucky enough to become renters. Some folks have been displaced from the city and state altogether,' Fife says.\"</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Capital &amp; Main</em> <strong><a href=\"https://capitalandmain.com/oakland-tenants-protest-investors-pandemic-inspections-0720\">Oakland Tenants Protest Investors Plan to \u2018Inspect\u2019 Their Units During Pandemic </a></strong>\u201c'Carroll Fife is director of the Alliance of Californians for Community Empowerment (ACCE) for Oakland and San Francisco. She told the tenants: 'If you can charge the highest price for an item that people actually need to live and thrive, we're always going to have an issue here. And it hits Black and brown folks the most.'\"</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>MSN Times Herald </em><a href=\"https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/bay-area-protesters-call-for-end-to-systemic-racism-in-policing-housing-education-and-more/ar-BB15rEQj\">Bay Area protesters call for end to systemic racism in policing, housing, education and more</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>LA Progressive</em> <a href=\"https://www.laprogressive.com/eviction-tsunami/\">Fighting the Coming Eviction Tsunami</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Reuters </em>'<a href=\"https://uk.reuters.com/article/usa-protests-housing/one-paycheck-away-from-homelessness-housing-inequality-fuels-u-s-protests-idUKL8N2DG1SK\">One paycheck away' from homelessness: housing inequality fuels U.S. protests</a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\tIn local news</h2>\n<p>\n\t<em>San Jose Mercury</em> <span class=\"dfm-title\"><strong><a href=\"https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/07/17/moms-4-housing-mastermind-runs-for-oakland-city-council/\">Moms 4 Housing mastermind runs for Oakland City Council\u00a0</a></strong> \"After sparking a nation-wide reckoning with the Moms 4 Housing movement, Oakland activist Carroll Fife is taking her fight against homelessness to a new arena \u2014 local government.\"</span></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>KTVU </em><a href=\"https://www.ktvu.com/news/moms-4-housing-activist-to-run-for-oakland-city-council-seat\">Moms 4 Housing activist to run for Oakland City Council seat</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Marin Independent Journal </em><a href=\"https://www.marinij.com/2020/07/06/coronavirus-in-bay-area-homeless-residents-slip-through-cracks-in-state-hotel-program/\"><span class=\"dfm-title\">Coronavirus: In Bay Area, homeless residents slip through cracks in state hotel program</span>: Local groups step in to shelter those left behind</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>San Francisco Chronicle</em> <a href=\"https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/crime/defunding-the-police-oakland-berkeley-could-be-test-cases-for-bay-area-nation/ar-BB170Exu\">Defunding the police: Oakland, Berkeley could be test cases for Bay Area, nation</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>KTVU </em><a href=\"https://www.ktvu.com/news/hundreds-rapidly-respond-to-support-oaklands-moms-4-housing-following-eviction-alert\">Hundreds rapidly respond to support Oakland\u2019s Moms 4 Housing following eviction alert</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>KQED</em> <a href=\"https://www.kqed.org/news/11797001/moms-4-housing-group-reaches-agreement-to-buy-vacant-house\">Moms 4 Housing Group Reaches Agreement to Buy Vacant House</a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\tAlso see the <a href=\"https://www.carrollfife.org/news\"><strong>Latest News</strong></a> section of Carroll Fife's campaign website</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\tEndorsements</h2>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Organizations </strong>(as of Oct 19, 2020, consult campaign website for updated list)</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>ACCE Action<br>\n\tAlameda County Building Trades Council<br>\n\tAlameda County Democratic Party<br>\n\tAlameda County Labor Council<br>\n\tAlameda County Peace and Freedom Party<br>\n\tAlameda County Green Party<br>\n\tAsian Pacific American Democratic Caucus<br>\n\tAsian Pacific American Labor Alliance (APALA)<br>\n\tAsian Pacific Environmental Network Action (APEN-Action)<br>\n\tBay Rising Action<br>\n\tBlock by Block Organizing Network<br>\n\tCalifornia Democratic Renters Council<br>\n\tCalifornia Nurses Association<br>\n\tDo No Harm Coalition<br>\n\tEast Bay Democratic Socialists of America<br>\n\tIAFF Local 55: Oakland Firefighters<br>\n\tIFPTE Local 21<br>\n\tIron Workers Union Local 378<br>\n\tThe John George Democratic Club<br>\n\tNational Union of Healthcare Workers<br>\n\tNeighbors for Racial Justice<br>\n\tOakland Education Association<br>\n\tOakland Rising Action<br>\n\tOakland Tenants Union<br>\n\tOur Revolution<br>\n\tOur Revolution East Bay<br>\n\tThe People\u2019s Alliance<br>\n\tPlanned Parenthood Mar Monte #1<br>\n\tSan Francisco Berniecrats<br>\n\tSEIU 1021<br>\n\tSEIU-UHW<br>\n\tSMC Tenants Council<br>\n\tSunrise Movement Bay Area<br>\n\tThe Oakland Post<br>\n\tThirteenth Floor Dance Theater<br>\n\tUA Local 342<br>\n\tUnite HERE Local\u00a02850<br>\n\tWellstone Democratic Renewal Club<br>\n\tThe Working Families Party</em></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Individuals </strong>(as of Oct 19, 2020, consult campaign website for updated list)</p>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\tYasmin Ahmed</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJess Anthony</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJanan Apaydin</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDouglas Appel</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tIsmael Armendariz</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRev. Debra Avery</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSejal Babaria</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAllie Bach</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tM. Baggenstoss</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAndrew Baker</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRobert Baldwin</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAnnie Banks</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDiedra Barber</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNikki Fortunato Bas, Oakland City Councilmember, District 2</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMaureen Benson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tGinny Berson, Neighbors for Racial Justice</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTommaso Boggia</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNatasha Borgen</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tCarolyn Bowden</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tCat Brooks</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAmelia Bunch</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAlicia Caballero-Christenson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tBelinda Calvin</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNate Cavalieri</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRuscal Cayangyang</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTatiana Chaterji</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJordan Cisneros</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tLewis Cohen</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTonia Coleman</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMike Cooper, President, Associated Students of Merritt College</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tKirsten Cowan L.Ac</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tEleanor Cox</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHeather Cross</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMargaret Cunningham</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHayley Currier</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTony Daquipa</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAtha Davis</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tBrandon Dawkins</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSteven DeCaprio</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tChris DeHenzel</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNaeem Deskins, Deskins Plumbing Inc.</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNicholas D\u2019Elia</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRyder Diaz</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMar\u00eda D. Dom\u00ednguez, Alameda County Commission on the Status of Women</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tPamela Drake</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHelen Duffy</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJesse Dutton-Kenny</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tBrittney Edwards</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJoy Elan</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tBrad Erickson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJasmine Fallstich</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMia Ferguson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tChris Flink</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tlora jo foo</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAmy Fourrier</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJessica Friedman</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTova Fry, Alameda County Peace and Freedom Party, Peoples Alliance</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDaren Garshelis</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDavid Gassman</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJon Gilgoff</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tZac Goldstein</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tCarlo G\u00f3mez Arteaga</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tEsther Goolsby</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTrish Gorham</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tWilton Gorske</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRachel Gottfried-Clancy</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tShawn Gray</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tLaura Guzman, Harm Reduction Coalition</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tGabriel Haaland</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tZack Haber</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDanielle J. Harris</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tPatrick Havel</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tGiovanni Hernandez</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAdam Hirsch</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tLisa Hu</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tKimberly Hudson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tEvelyn Hunter, NABET-CWA Local 59051</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTalya Husbands-Hankin</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMike Hutchinson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJacqueline Hutton</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAfsana Hye</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNehanda Imara, EOBHC</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tEdie Irons</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDebra Israel</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tLiz Jacobs</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tReisa Jaffe</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMarc Janowitz</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tD. Johnson, Painters Local 1176\u00a0DC16</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDashiel Johnson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRich Johnson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDan Kalb, Oakland City Councilmember, District 1 #2</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHon. Ash Kalra, State Assembly Member, District 27</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRaj Kanani</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAlthea Karwowski</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMichael Kaufman, Communities for a Better Environment, EB DSA</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSusan Keen</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNelda Kerr</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHon. Ro Khanna State Assembly Member, District 17</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tKunal Khaware</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJack Kurzweil</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tNaru Kwina</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tEunice Kwon</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMargarita Lacabe</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRebeca Lai</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tZoe Laventhol</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJennifer Li</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tBeki Light</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJeremy Lightell</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMichael Lighty</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tBonnie Lockhart</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElizabeth Long</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tBobbi Lopez</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tZoe Lopez-Meraz</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tChantae Lucero</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSokhom Mao</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJp Massar</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tNayeli Maxson Velazquez</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRaleigh McLemore</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAnthony \u201cSam\u201d McNeal</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLiam McSweeney</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRobert Marsella</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tIngrid Martin</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRev. Harold Mayberry</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAlissa Meleyco</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJoaquin Meza</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJasmene Miranda</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRosalinda Montes Palacios</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJean Moses</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCherri Murphy</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tColin Murphy, DSA - Ecosocialist Working Group</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tZachary Murray</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tPrishni Murillo</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSele Nadel-Hayes</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDeborah Neal</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tY. Armando Nieto</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRabbi Dev Noily</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAnn Nomura</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tWillie Nwanguma</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKate O\u2019Hara</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDr. Stan Oden</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKyle Ohlin</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAnne Tamiko Omura</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMadison Ordway</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCJ Paillant</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDevi Peacock</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRyan Pickering</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSteven Pitts</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKiki Poe</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tNancy Polin</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tBrianna Pope</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDean Preston</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMichelle Puckett, Creating Freedom Movements</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRev. Dr. Liza Rankow</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAnders Renee</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAshleigh Richelle</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCurt Ries</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLuci Riley</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLuke Robbins</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCarol Robison</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tFavianna Rodriguez</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tYamina Roland</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDee Rosario</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSonya Rumpf</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKaela Sanborn-Hum</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSenator Bernie Sanders</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCarla Schick</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMary Schindler</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLee Schuster</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tnell scott</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElena Serrano</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLeah Simon-Weisberg</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tGabriel Singh</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSyd Skorich</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAlanya Snyder, Neighbors for Racial Justice</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElizabeth Spencer</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJason Spitzer</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJudith Stacey</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMusia Stagg</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCassia Stepak</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tHugo Stern</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElsa Stevens</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJonah Strauss</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMolly Stuart</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDolores Tejada</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMari Rose Taruc</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLeatrice Tomlinson</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tIgor Tregub</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAri Trujillo-Welser</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tChaney Turner</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tTeisha Turner</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tTirza Tyler</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRichard Valle, President Alameda County Board of Supervisors</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJames Vann</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKit Vaq</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKelsey Waldron</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tZamir Wassermiller</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJac Weber</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tEmily Wheeler</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tColin Whittington</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tPete Woiwode</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJeremy Wolff</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAlvina Wong</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElliott Wong</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tPolly Young</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tShelby Ziesing</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLily Zucker</p>\n\t</li>\n</ul>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T14:21:16.430", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/97887/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1700:cf90:d320:2505:68b9:f589:1cb" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376694/", "name": "Carroll Fife", "slug": "carroll fife", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border image_right\"><img src=\"_files/Screen%20Shot%202020-08-07%20at%203.54.19%20PM.png\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 246px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Carroll Fife</span></span></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Carroll Fife</strong> is a candidate for <a href=\"Oakland%20City%20Council\">Oakland City Council</a> for <a href=\"District%203\">District 3</a>. As executive director of <a href=\"https://www.acceaction.org/oakland\">ACCE Oakland</a>, she helped found <a href=\"https://moms4housing.org/\">Moms for Housing</a> and passed legislation at the state and local level to build collective power for tenants. She has fought back against police terrorism and helped to build a network of Black organizations and individuals working together for community self-determination. Carroll has worked behind the scenes in Oakland electoral politics for over a decade as the founder of Black Women in Elected Leadership PAC and an elected member of the <a href=\"https://oaklandnaacp.org/\">Oakland NAACP</a>\u2019s Executive Committee. Since 2014, she has managed several campaigns, including Oakland's first ever slate of all Black women candidates for City Council and the OUSD Board. She was a 2016 and 2020 delegate for <a href=\"https://berniesanders.com/\">Bernie Sanders</a> and is a member of the 2020 Platform Committee for the DNC (see <a href=\"https://democrats.org/where-we-stand/party-platform/\">DNC Platform</a>)</p>\n<p>\n\tCarrol Fife played a leadership role in the following legislative and electoral acheivements:</p>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\tFounding the <a href=\"https://www.oaklandca.gov/departments/race-and-equity\">Oakland Department of Race and Equity</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tThe Cannabis Equity permit system</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tProtecting the Coliseum area from gentrification</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tOakland\u2019s emergency eviction moratorium and pandemic eviction ban</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tCity Council reopening the City budget in order to defund OPD</li>\n</ul>\n<p>\n\tWebsite <a href=\"https://www.carrollfife.org/\">https://www.carrollfife.org/</a></p>\n<p>\n\tFacebook <a href=\"https://www.facebook.com/carrollfifeforcouncil/\">https://www.facebook.com/carrollfifeforcouncil/</a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\t<strong>Platform</strong></h2>\n<p>\n\tThe main points of Carroll Fife's platform (see details <a href=\"https://www.carrollfife.org/platform\">here</a>)</p>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<strong>Housing as a Human Right</strong>.\u00a0</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<strong>Defund OPD to fund the Black New Deal.</strong></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<span><strong>Supporting Essential Workers.\u00a0</strong></span></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<strong>Tax the Rich. </strong></li>\n</ul>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h3>\n\t<em>Wall Street has already shown us what it will do if left unchecked: Financial speculators will have free rein to continue exploiting the basic human need for safe and secure shelter \u2014 a need that is even greater during a pandemic. Such a move against struggling families would further entrench already terrible wealth disparities, making the promise of affordable housing an ever-dwindling possibility for hard-working families. The good news is that we know how to keep this from happening. Now we just have to have the courage to do it.</em>\u2014Senator Elizabeth Warren and Carroll Fife</h3>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\tIn state and national news</h2>\n<p>\n\t<em>Mother Jones</em>, <strong><a href=\"https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2020/10/carroll-fife-moms-4-housing-oakland-city-council-black-panther-radical-legacy/\">A Radical Housing Activist Wants to Upend Oakland Government from the Inside</a></strong>. \u201cI want to create a real transparent process where I try to engage democracy.\u201d</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Washington Post</em>, <strong>by Senator Elizabeth Warren and Carroll Fife</strong>, <strong><a href=\"https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/08/06/nation-is-facing-housing-crisis-private-equity-firms-just-see-dollar-signs/\">Families see a looming catastrophe. Private equity firms see dollar signs</a>. </strong>(see quote above.)</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Vogue</em> <strong><a href=\"https://www.vogue.com/article/moms-4-housing\">These Moms Fought for a Home\u2014And Started a Movement\u00a0 </a></strong>\u201c'We\u2019re actually experiencing the second wave of devastation from the foreclosure crisis in Oakland, because now folks are getting ridiculous rent increases after losing their homes\u2014and that\u2019s only if they\u2019re lucky enough to become renters. Some folks have been displaced from the city and state altogether,' Fife says.\"</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Capital &amp; Main</em> <strong><a href=\"https://capitalandmain.com/oakland-tenants-protest-investors-pandemic-inspections-0720\">Oakland Tenants Protest Investors Plan to \u2018Inspect\u2019 Their Units During Pandemic </a></strong>\u201c'Carroll Fife is director of the Alliance of Californians for Community Empowerment (ACCE) for Oakland and San Francisco. She told the tenants: 'If you can charge the highest price for an item that people actually need to live and thrive, we're always going to have an issue here. And it hits Black and brown folks the most.'\"</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>MSN Times Herald </em><a href=\"https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/bay-area-protesters-call-for-end-to-systemic-racism-in-policing-housing-education-and-more/ar-BB15rEQj\">Bay Area protesters call for end to systemic racism in policing, housing, education and more</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>LA Progressive</em> <a href=\"https://www.laprogressive.com/eviction-tsunami/\">Fighting the Coming Eviction Tsunami</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Reuters </em>'<a href=\"https://uk.reuters.com/article/usa-protests-housing/one-paycheck-away-from-homelessness-housing-inequality-fuels-u-s-protests-idUKL8N2DG1SK\">One paycheck away' from homelessness: housing inequality fuels U.S. protests</a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\tIn local news</h2>\n<p>\n\t<em>San Jose Mercury</em> <span class=\"dfm-title\"><strong><a href=\"https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/07/17/moms-4-housing-mastermind-runs-for-oakland-city-council/\">Moms 4 Housing mastermind runs for Oakland City Council\u00a0</a></strong> \"After sparking a nation-wide reckoning with the Moms 4 Housing movement, Oakland activist Carroll Fife is taking her fight against homelessness to a new arena \u2014 local government.\"</span></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>KTVU </em><a href=\"https://www.ktvu.com/news/moms-4-housing-activist-to-run-for-oakland-city-council-seat\">Moms 4 Housing activist to run for Oakland City Council seat</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>Marin Independent Journal </em><a href=\"https://www.marinij.com/2020/07/06/coronavirus-in-bay-area-homeless-residents-slip-through-cracks-in-state-hotel-program/\"><span class=\"dfm-title\">Coronavirus: In Bay Area, homeless residents slip through cracks in state hotel program</span>: Local groups step in to shelter those left behind</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>San Francisco Chronicle</em> <a href=\"https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/crime/defunding-the-police-oakland-berkeley-could-be-test-cases-for-bay-area-nation/ar-BB170Exu\">Defunding the police: Oakland, Berkeley could be test cases for Bay Area, nation</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>KTVU </em><a href=\"https://www.ktvu.com/news/hundreds-rapidly-respond-to-support-oaklands-moms-4-housing-following-eviction-alert\">Hundreds rapidly respond to support Oakland\u2019s Moms 4 Housing following eviction alert</a></p>\n<p>\n\t<em>KQED</em> <a href=\"https://www.kqed.org/news/11797001/moms-4-housing-group-reaches-agreement-to-buy-vacant-house\">Moms 4 Housing Group Reaches Agreement to Buy Vacant House</a></p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<h2>\n\tEndorsements</h2>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Organizations </strong>(as of Oct 19, 2020, consult campaign website for updated list)</p>\n<p>\n\t<em>ACCE Action<br>\n\tAlameda County Building Trades Council<br>\n\tAlameda County Democratic Party<br>\n\tAlameda County Labor Council<br>\n\tAlameda County Peace and Freedom Party<br>\n\tAlameda County Green Party<br>\n\tAsian Pacific American Democratic Caucus<br>\n\tAsian Pacific American Labor Alliance (APALA)<br>\n\tAsian Pacific Environmental Network Action (APEN-Action)<br>\n\tBay Rising Action<br>\n\tBlock by Block Organizing Network<br>\n\tCalifornia Democratic Renters Council<br>\n\tCalifornia Nurses Association<br>\n\tDo No Harm Coalition<br>\n\tEast Bay Democratic Socialists of America<br>\n\tIAFF Local 55: Oakland Firefighters<br>\n\tIFPTE Local 21<br>\n\tIron Workers Union Local 378<br>\n\tThe John George Democratic Club<br>\n\tNational Union of Healthcare Workers<br>\n\tNeighbors for Racial Justice<br>\n\tOakland Education Association<br>\n\tOakland Rising Action<br>\n\tOakland Tenants Union<br>\n\tOur Revolution<br>\n\tOur Revolution East Bay<br>\n\tThe People\u2019s Alliance<br>\n\tPlanned Parenthood Mar Monte #1<br>\n\tSan Francisco Berniecrats<br>\n\tSEIU 1021<br>\n\tSEIU-UHW<br>\n\tSMC Tenants Council<br>\n\tSunrise Movement Bay Area<br>\n\tThe Oakland Post<br>\n\tThirteenth Floor Dance Theater<br>\n\tUA Local 342<br>\n\tUnite HERE Local\u00a02850<br>\n\tWellstone Democratic Renewal Club<br>\n\tThe Working Families Party</em></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>Individuals </strong>(as of Oct 19, 2020, consult campaign website for updated list)</p>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\tYasmin Ahmed</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJess Anthony</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJanan Apaydin</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDouglas Appel</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tIsmael Armendariz</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRev. Debra Avery</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSejal Babaria</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAllie Bach</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tM. Baggenstoss</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAndrew Baker</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRobert Baldwin</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAnnie Banks</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDiedra Barber</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNikki Fortunato Bas, Oakland City Councilmember, District 2</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMaureen Benson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tGinny Berson, Neighbors for Racial Justice</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTommaso Boggia</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNatasha Borgen</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tCarolyn Bowden</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tCat Brooks</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAmelia Bunch</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAlicia Caballero-Christenson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tBelinda Calvin</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNate Cavalieri</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRuscal Cayangyang</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTatiana Chaterji</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJordan Cisneros</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tLewis Cohen</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTonia Coleman</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMike Cooper, President, Associated Students of Merritt College</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tKirsten Cowan L.Ac</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tEleanor Cox</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHeather Cross</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMargaret Cunningham</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHayley Currier</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTony Daquipa</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAtha Davis</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tBrandon Dawkins</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSteven DeCaprio</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tChris DeHenzel</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNaeem Deskins, Deskins Plumbing Inc.</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNicholas D\u2019Elia</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRyder Diaz</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMar\u00eda D. Dom\u00ednguez, Alameda County Commission on the Status of Women</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tPamela Drake</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHelen Duffy</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJesse Dutton-Kenny</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tBrittney Edwards</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJoy Elan</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tBrad Erickson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJasmine Fallstich</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMia Ferguson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tChris Flink</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tlora jo foo</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAmy Fourrier</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJessica Friedman</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTova Fry, Alameda County Peace and Freedom Party, Peoples Alliance</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDaren Garshelis</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDavid Gassman</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJon Gilgoff</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tZac Goldstein</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tCarlo G\u00f3mez Arteaga</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tEsther Goolsby</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTrish Gorham</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tWilton Gorske</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRachel Gottfried-Clancy</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tShawn Gray</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tLaura Guzman, Harm Reduction Coalition</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tGabriel Haaland</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tZack Haber</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDanielle J. Harris</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tPatrick Havel</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tGiovanni Hernandez</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAdam Hirsch</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tLisa Hu</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tKimberly Hudson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tEvelyn Hunter, NABET-CWA Local 59051</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tTalya Husbands-Hankin</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMike Hutchinson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tJacqueline Hutton</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAfsana Hye</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNehanda Imara, EOBHC</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tEdie Irons</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDebra Israel</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tLiz Jacobs</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tReisa Jaffe</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMarc Janowitz</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tD. Johnson, Painters Local 1176\u00a0DC16</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDashiel Johnson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRich Johnson</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tDan Kalb, Oakland City Councilmember, District 1 #2</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHon. Ash Kalra, State Assembly Member, District 27</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tRaj Kanani</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tAlthea Karwowski</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMichael Kaufman, Communities for a Better Environment, EB DSA</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSusan Keen</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNelda Kerr</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tHon. Ro Khanna State Assembly Member, District 17</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tKunal Khaware</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJack Kurzweil</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tNaru Kwina</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tEunice Kwon</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMargarita Lacabe</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRebeca Lai</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tZoe Laventhol</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJennifer Li</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tBeki Light</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJeremy Lightell</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMichael Lighty</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tBonnie Lockhart</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElizabeth Long</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tBobbi Lopez</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tZoe Lopez-Meraz</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tChantae Lucero</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSokhom Mao</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJp Massar</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tNayeli Maxson Velazquez</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRaleigh McLemore</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAnthony \u201cSam\u201d McNeal</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLiam McSweeney</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRobert Marsella</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tIngrid Martin</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRev. Harold Mayberry</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAlissa Meleyco</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJoaquin Meza</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJasmene Miranda</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRosalinda Montes Palacios</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJean Moses</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCherri Murphy</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tColin Murphy, DSA - Ecosocialist Working Group</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tZachary Murray</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tPrishni Murillo</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSele Nadel-Hayes</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDeborah Neal</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tY. Armando Nieto</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRabbi Dev Noily</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAnn Nomura</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tWillie Nwanguma</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKate O\u2019Hara</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDr. Stan Oden</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKyle Ohlin</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAnne Tamiko Omura</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMadison Ordway</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCJ Paillant</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDevi Peacock</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRyan Pickering</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSteven Pitts</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKiki Poe</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tNancy Polin</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tBrianna Pope</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDean Preston</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tMichelle Puckett, Creating Freedom Movements</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRev. Dr. Liza Rankow</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAnders Renee</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAshleigh Richelle</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCurt Ries</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLuci Riley</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLuke Robbins</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCarol Robison</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tFavianna Rodriguez</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tYamina Roland</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDee Rosario</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSonya Rumpf</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKaela Sanborn-Hum</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSenator Bernie Sanders</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCarla Schick</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMary Schindler</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLee Schuster</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tnell scott</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElena Serrano</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLeah Simon-Weisberg</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tGabriel Singh</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tSyd Skorich</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAlanya Snyder, Neighbors for Racial Justice</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElizabeth Spencer</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJason Spitzer</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJudith Stacey</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMusia Stagg</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tCassia Stepak</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tHugo Stern</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElsa Stevens</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJonah Strauss</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMolly Stuart</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tDolores Tejada</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tMari Rose Taruc</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLeatrice Tomlinson</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tIgor Tregub</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAri Trujillo-Welser</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tChaney Turner</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tTeisha Turner</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tTirza Tyler</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tRichard Valle, President Alameda County Board of Supervisors</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJames Vann</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKit Vaq</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tKelsey Waldron</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tZamir Wassermiller</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJac Weber</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tEmily Wheeler</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tColin Whittington</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tPete Woiwode</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tJeremy Wolff</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tAlvina Wong</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tElliott Wong</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tPolly Young</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tShelby Ziesing</p>\n\t</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<p>\n\t\t\tLily Zucker</p>\n\t</li>\n</ul>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T14:16:17.977", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/97887/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1700:cf90:d320:2505:68b9:f589:1cb" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376693/", "name": "Henry A. Schulze", "slug": "henry a. schulze", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>Henry Atherton Schulze</strong> (1853 -- ?) was an architect, noted for designing the\u00a0<a href=\"First%20Church%20of%20Christ%2C%20Scientist\">First Church of Christ, Scientist</a> at 1701 Franklin.</p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://pcad.lib.washington.edu/person/1716/\">Henry Atherton Schulze</a> on PCAD</li>\n</ul>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": "initial stub", "history_date": "2020-10-19T13:31:07.175", "history_type": 0, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/3242/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1702:2770:bc20:589:4d20:fc99:5d55" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376692/", "name": "List of Norfolk City Managers (1918 - Present)", "slug": "list of norfolk city managers (1918 - present)", "content": "<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\tNorfolk City changed its' day to day operational structure to a Council-Manager\u00a0structure in 1918.\u00a0 The local governance structure prior to this new model was the City Council ran the daily operations of the city.\u00a0\u00a0</p>\n<table>\n\t<tbody>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<h3 style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>Name:</strong></h3>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t<h3>\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>Starting Date:</strong></h3>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t<h3>\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>Last Date:</strong></h3>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tCharles E. Ashburner</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tSeptember 1, 1918</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tAugust 31, 1923</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tCol. William B. Causey</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tSeptember 1, 1923</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tAugust 31, 1925</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tIsaac Walke Truxton</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tSeptember 1, 1925</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tOctober 15, 1933</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tThomas Perrin Thompson</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tOctober 16, 1933</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1938</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tCharles Barney Borland</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1938</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1945</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tCharles Adair Harrell</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1946</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1951</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tHenry H. George, III</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1952</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1955</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tSherwood Reeder</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0July 1955</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tDecember 19, 1955</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tThomas F. Maxwell</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1956</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1970</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tG. Robert House, Jr.,\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1971</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1975</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tJulian F. Hirst</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1975</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1986</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tJames B. Oliver, Jr.</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1987</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1998</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tRegina V. K. Williams</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1999</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tJanuary 14, 2011</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tMarcus D. Jones</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tFebruary 1, 2011</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tNovember 30, 2016</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tDoug Smith</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tDecember 1, 2016</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tJune 30, 2019</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tDr. Larry \"Chip\" Filer</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tSeptember 16, 2019</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tPresent</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>\n\t* Note - One of the Assistant City Managers would serve as the interim manager until the next City Manager was hired by the City Council.</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/1612/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T13:27:02.211", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/84668/", "history_user_ip": "216.12.63.178" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376691/", "name": "List of Norfolk City Managers (1918 - Present)", "slug": "list of norfolk city managers (1918 - present)", "content": "<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n<p>\n\tNorfolk City changed its' day to day operational structure to a Council-Manager\u00a0structure in 1918.\u00a0 The local governance structure prior to this new model was the City Council ran the daily operations of the city.\u00a0\u00a0</p>\n<table>\n\t<tbody>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\t<h3 style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>Name:</strong></h3>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t<h3>\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>Starting Date:</strong></h3>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t<h3>\n\t\t\t\t\t<strong>Last Date:</strong></h3>\n\t\t\t</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tCharles E. Ashburner</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tSeptember 1, 1918</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tAugust 31, 1923</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tCol. William B. Causey</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tSeptember 1, 1923</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tAugust 31, 1925</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tIsaac Walke Truxton</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tSeptember 1, 1925</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tOctober 15, 1933</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tThomas Perrin Thompson</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tOctober 16, 1933</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1938</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tCharles Barney Borland</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1938</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1945</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tCharles Adair Harrell</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1946</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1951</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tHenry H. George, III</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1952</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1955</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tSherwood Reeder</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t\u00a0July 1955</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tDecember 19, 1955</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tThomas F. Maxwell</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1956</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1970</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tG. Robert House, Jr.,\u00a0</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1971</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1975</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tJulian F. Hirst</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1975</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1986</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tJames B. Oliver, Jr.</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1987</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1998</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tRegina V. K. Williams</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\t1999</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tJanuary 14, 2011</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tMarcus Jones</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tFebruary 1, 2011</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tNovember 30, 2016</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tDoug Smith</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tDecember 1, 2016</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tJune 30, 2019</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t\t<tr>\n\t\t\t<td>\n\t\t\t\tDr. Larry \"Chip\" Filer</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tSeptember 16, 2019</td>\n\t\t\t<td style=\"text-align: center;\">\n\t\t\t\tPresent</td>\n\t\t</tr>\n\t</tbody>\n</table>\n<p>\n\t* Note - One of the Assistant City Managers would serve as the interim manager until the next City Manager was hired by the City Council.</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/1612/", "history_comment": "Date Correction", "history_date": "2020-10-19T13:26:33.286", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/84668/", "history_user_ip": "216.12.63.178" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376690/", "name": "First Church of Christ, Scientist", "slug": "first church of christ, scientist", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC09774.JPG\" style=\"width: 350px; height: 233px;\"><span style=\"width: 350px;\" class=\"image_caption\">photo by <a href=\"Users%2Fmk30\">mk30</a></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe building at 1701 Franklin St. in downtown Oakland is a Romanesque-Revival-style church built by <strong>First Church of Christ, Scientist</strong>, Oakland. The cornerstone was laid in 1900 and the building was opened and dedicated free of debt on January 5, 1902 <sup>1</sup>. Designed by <a href=\"Henry%20A.%20Schulze\">Henry A. Schulze</a> out of Nevada lava stone over a granite base,\u00a0<sup>1</sup>\u00a0the church has a number of large original stained-glass windows that were designed by Charles Grolle and made in Chicago, Illinois by the firm of Flanagan and Biedenweg. <sup>2</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tMinor repairs were needed to the church following the <a href=\"Loma%20Prieta\">Loma Prieta earthquake</a> in 1989 as well as the 1906 earthquake. In late 2015, the church held a farewell Christmas concert. The church building was sold to become the headquarters of Jeremy's, a local women's clothing chain, but the owner of the chain announced in early November 2016 that these plans had fallen through due to permitting delays. <sup>3, 4, 5</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tIn July of 2019, a relatively new church known as <a href=\"https://resoakland.com/\">Resurrection Oakland Church</a> purchased the property, and began holding services in the building on September 15, 2019. <sup>6</sup>\u00a0 Nzilani Glass of Oakland in February 2020 completed a six-month restoration project to conserve the\u00a0<span>sanctuary's large 12 panel, inverted stained-glass dome.\u00a0</span><span>The \"Stained Glass Dome Conservation of Resurrection Oakland\" was the winner of a 2020 Preservation Design Award for Rehabilitation. <sup>7</sup></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe original First Church of Christ, Scientist has consolidated with the Tenth Church of Christ, Scientist, and the consolidated First Church meets in the former Tenth Church's building at 1880 Mountain Blvd., Oakland.\u00a0<sup>8</sup></p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/CPF_06_ResOak_from-scaffoldAFTER-scaled.jpg\" style=\"width: 225px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 225px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Restored stained-glass dome</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_3851.JPG\" style=\"width: 453px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 453px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span></p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ol>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130629042440/http://www.careyandco.com/churchscientist.htm\">http://www.careyandco.com</a> <em>(via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)</em></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.holanarchitects.com/religious-first-church\">Jerri Holan and Associates</a> website (includes photos of the windows)</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_29361019/allen-oakland-historic-church-be-womens-clothing-store\">Oakland historic church to be women's clothing store</a> by Annalee Allen <em>Oakland Tribune</em> January 8, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2016/11/09/longtime-bay-area-retailer-jeremys-to-close-for-good-withdraws-plans-for-oakland-store/\">Bay Area retailer Jeremy's withdraws plans for Oakland</a>, Anne Sciacca, <em>East Bay Times</em>, November 10, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.jeremys.com/\">Jeremys</a> website</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://resoakland.com/\">Resurrection Oakland website</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/\">https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://ChristianScienceOakland.org\">First Church of Christ, Scientist</a> website</li>\n</ol>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T13:14:32.384", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/3242/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1702:2770:bc20:589:4d20:fc99:5d55" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376689/", "name": "First Church of Christ, Scientist", "slug": "first church of christ, scientist", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC09774.JPG\" style=\"width: 350px; height: 233px;\"><span style=\"width: 350px;\" class=\"image_caption\">photo by <a href=\"Users%2Fmk30\">mk30</a></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe building at 1701 Franklin St. in downtown Oakland is a Romanesque-Revival-style church built by First Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland. The cornerstone was laid in 1900 and the building was opened and dedicated free of debt on January 5, 1902 <sup>1</sup>. Designed by <a href=\"Henry%20A.%20Schulze\">Henry A. Schulze</a> out of Nevada lava stone over a granite base,\u00a0<sup>1</sup>\u00a0the church has a number of large original stained-glass windows that were designed by Charles Grolle and made in Chicago, Illinois by the firm of Flanagan and Biedenweg. <sup>2</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tMinor repairs were needed to the church following the <a href=\"Loma%20Prieta\">Loma Prieta earthquake</a> in 1989 as well as the 1906 earthquake. In late 2015, the church held a farewell Christmas concert. The church building was sold to become the headquarters of Jeremy's, a local women's clothing chain, but the owner of the chain announced in early November 2016 that these plans had fallen through due to permitting delays. <sup>3, 4, 5</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tIn July of 2019, a relatively new church known as <a href=\"https://resoakland.com/\">Resurrection Oakland Church</a> purchased the property, and began holding services in the building on September 15, 2019. <sup>6</sup>\u00a0 Nzilani Glass of Oakland in February 2020 completed a six-month restoration project to conserve the\u00a0<span>sanctuary's large 12 panel, inverted stained-glass dome.\u00a0</span><span>The \"Stained Glass Dome Conservation of Resurrection Oakland\" was the winner of a 2020 Preservation Design Award for Rehabilitation. <sup>7</sup></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe original First Church of Christ, Scientist has consolidated with the Tenth Church of Christ, Scientist, and the consolidated First Church meets in the former Tenth Church's building at 1880 Mountain Blvd., Oakland.\u00a0<sup>8</sup></p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/CPF_06_ResOak_from-scaffoldAFTER-scaled.jpg\" style=\"width: 225px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 225px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Restored stained-glass dome</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_3851.JPG\" style=\"width: 453px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 453px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span></p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ol>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130629042440/http://www.careyandco.com/churchscientist.htm\">http://www.careyandco.com</a> <em>(via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)</em></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.holanarchitects.com/religious-first-church\">Jerri Holan and Associates</a> website (includes photos of the windows)</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_29361019/allen-oakland-historic-church-be-womens-clothing-store\">Oakland historic church to be women's clothing store</a> by Annalee Allen <em>Oakland Tribune</em> January 8, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2016/11/09/longtime-bay-area-retailer-jeremys-to-close-for-good-withdraws-plans-for-oakland-store/\">Bay Area retailer Jeremy's withdraws plans for Oakland</a>, Anne Sciacca, <em>East Bay Times</em>, November 10, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.jeremys.com/\">Jeremys</a> website</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://resoakland.com/\">Resurrection Oakland website</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/\">https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://ChristianScienceOakland.org\">First Church of Christ, Scientist</a> website</li>\n</ol>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T13:11:03.066", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/3242/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1702:2770:bc20:589:4d20:fc99:5d55" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376688/", "name": "Resurrection Oakland Church", "slug": "resurrection oakland church", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC09774.JPG\" style=\"width: 350px; height: 233px;\"><span style=\"width: 350px;\" class=\"image_caption\">photo by <a href=\"Users%2Fmk30\">mk30</a></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe building at 1701 Franklin St. in downtown Oakland is a Romanesque-Revival-style church built by First Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland. The cornerstone was laid in 1900 and the building was opened and dedicated free of debt on January 5, 1902 <sup>1</sup>. Designed by <a href=\"Henry%20A.%20Schulze\">Henry A. Schulze</a> out of Nevada lava stone over a granite base,\u00a0<sup>1</sup>\u00a0the church has a number of large original stained-glass windows that were designed by Charles Grolle and made in Chicago, Illinois by the firm of Flanagan and Biedenweg. <sup>2</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tMinor repairs were needed to the church following the <a href=\"Loma%20Prieta\">Loma Prieta earthquake</a> in 1989 as well as the 1906 earthquake. In late 2015, the church held a farewell Christmas concert. The church building was sold to become the headquarters of Jeremy's, a local women's clothing chain, but the owner of the chain announced in early November 2016 that these plans had fallen through due to permitting delays. <sup>3, 4, 5</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tIn July of 2019, a relatively new church known as Resurrection Oakland Church purchased the property, and began holding services in the building on September 15, 2019. <sup>6</sup>\u00a0 Nzilani Glass of Oakland in February 2020 completed a six-month restoration project to conserve the\u00a0<span>sanctuary's large 12 panel, inverted stained-glass dome.\u00a0</span><span>The \"Stained Glass Dome Conservation of Resurrection Oakland\" was the winner of a 2020 Preservation Design Award for Rehabilitation. <sup>7</sup></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe original First Church of Christ, Scientist has consolidated with the Tenth Church of Christ, Scientist, and the consolidated First Church meets in the former Tenth Church's building at 1880 Mountain Blvd., Oakland.\u00a0<sup>8</sup></p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/CPF_06_ResOak_from-scaffoldAFTER-scaled.jpg\" style=\"width: 225px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 225px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Restored stained-glass dome</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_3851.JPG\" style=\"width: 453px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 453px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span></p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ol>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130629042440/http://www.careyandco.com/churchscientist.htm\">http://www.careyandco.com</a> <em>(via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)</em></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.holanarchitects.com/religious-first-church\">Jerri Holan and Associates</a> website (includes photos of the windows)</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_29361019/allen-oakland-historic-church-be-womens-clothing-store\">Oakland historic church to be women's clothing store</a> by Annalee Allen <em>Oakland Tribune</em> January 8, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2016/11/09/longtime-bay-area-retailer-jeremys-to-close-for-good-withdraws-plans-for-oakland-store/\">Bay Area retailer Jeremy's withdraws plans for Oakland</a>, Anne Sciacca, <em>East Bay Times</em>, November 10, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.jeremys.com/\">Jeremys</a> website</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://resoakland.com/\">Resurrection Oakland website</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/\">https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://ChristianScienceOakland.org\">First Church of Christ, Scientist</a> website</li>\n</ol>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": "Redirect created", "history_date": "2020-10-19T13:10:30.533", "history_type": 2, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/3242/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1702:2770:bc20:589:4d20:fc99:5d55" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376687/", "name": "First Church of Christ, Scientist", "slug": "first church of christ, scientist", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC09774.JPG\" style=\"width: 350px; height: 233px;\"><span style=\"width: 350px;\" class=\"image_caption\">photo by <a href=\"Users%2Fmk30\">mk30</a></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe building at 1701 Franklin St. in downtown Oakland is a Romanesque-Revival-style church built by First Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland. The cornerstone was laid in 1900 and the building was opened and dedicated free of debt on January 5, 1902 <sup>1</sup>. Designed by <a href=\"Henry%20A.%20Schulze\">Henry A. Schulze</a> out of Nevada lava stone over a granite base,\u00a0<sup>1</sup>\u00a0the church has a number of large original stained-glass windows that were designed by Charles Grolle and made in Chicago, Illinois by the firm of Flanagan and Biedenweg. <sup>2</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tMinor repairs were needed to the church following the <a href=\"Loma%20Prieta\">Loma Prieta earthquake</a> in 1989 as well as the 1906 earthquake. In late 2015, the church held a farewell Christmas concert. The church building was sold to become the headquarters of Jeremy's, a local women's clothing chain, but the owner of the chain announced in early November 2016 that these plans had fallen through due to permitting delays. <sup>3, 4, 5</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tIn July of 2019, a relatively new church known as Resurrection Oakland Church purchased the property, and began holding services in the building on September 15, 2019. <sup>6</sup>\u00a0 Nzilani Glass of Oakland in February 2020 completed a six-month restoration project to conserve the\u00a0<span>sanctuary's large 12 panel, inverted stained-glass dome.\u00a0</span><span>The \"Stained Glass Dome Conservation of Resurrection Oakland\" was the winner of a 2020 Preservation Design Award for Rehabilitation. <sup>7</sup></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe original First Church of Christ, Scientist has consolidated with the Tenth Church of Christ, Scientist, and the consolidated First Church meets in the former Tenth Church's building at 1880 Mountain Blvd., Oakland.\u00a0<sup>8</sup></p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/CPF_06_ResOak_from-scaffoldAFTER-scaled.jpg\" style=\"width: 225px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 225px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Restored stained-glass dome</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_3851.JPG\" style=\"width: 453px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 453px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span></p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ol>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130629042440/http://www.careyandco.com/churchscientist.htm\">http://www.careyandco.com</a> <em>(via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)</em></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.holanarchitects.com/religious-first-church\">Jerri Holan and Associates</a> website (includes photos of the windows)</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_29361019/allen-oakland-historic-church-be-womens-clothing-store\">Oakland historic church to be women's clothing store</a> by Annalee Allen <em>Oakland Tribune</em> January 8, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2016/11/09/longtime-bay-area-retailer-jeremys-to-close-for-good-withdraws-plans-for-oakland-store/\">Bay Area retailer Jeremy's withdraws plans for Oakland</a>, Anne Sciacca, <em>East Bay Times</em>, November 10, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.jeremys.com/\">Jeremys</a> website</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://resoakland.com/\">Resurrection Oakland website</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/\">https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://ChristianScienceOakland.org\">First Church of Christ, Scientist</a> website</li>\n</ol>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": "Renamed from \"Resurrection Oakland Church\"", "history_date": "2020-10-19T13:10:29.976", "history_type": 0, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/3242/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1702:2770:bc20:589:4d20:fc99:5d55" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376686/", "name": "Users/CBDLotionforPain", "slug": "users/cbdlotionforpain", "content": "<p>\n\[email protected] offers a wide range of 100% US made, premium quality, affordable and accessible CBD Lotion for Pain, Topical CBD, CBD for Pain and all things related to CBD Topicals. #emperoronecbd<br>\n\t<br>\n\tEmperorOne CBD<br>\n\t4105 Transport Way STE 1 Weston, WI 54476 United States<br>\n\t(715) 298-3341<br>\n\t<br>\n\t<a href=\"https://emperoronecbd.com/cbd-lotion-for-pain/\">https://emperoronecbd.com/cbd-lotion-for-pain/</a></p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/3/", "history_comment": "spam", "history_date": "2020-10-19T13:03:29.936", "history_type": 2, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/382/", "history_user_ip": "142.105.251.222" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376685/", "name": "First Church of Christ, Scientist", "slug": "first church of christ, scientist", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC09774.JPG\" style=\"width: 350px; height: 233px;\"><span style=\"width: 350px;\" class=\"image_caption\">photo by <a href=\"Users%2Fmk30\">mk30</a></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe building at 1701 Franklin St. in downtown Oakland is a Romanesque-Revival-style church built by First Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland. The cornerstone was laid in 1900 and the building was opened and dedicated free of debt on January 5, 1902 <sup>1</sup>. Designed by <a href=\"Henry%20A.%20Schulze\">Henry A. Schulze</a> out of Nevada lava stone over a granite base,\u00a0<sup>1</sup>\u00a0the church has a number of large original stained-glass windows that were designed by Charles Grolle and made in Chicago, Illinois by the firm of Flanagan and Biedenweg. <sup>2</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tMinor repairs were needed to the church following the <a href=\"Loma%20Prieta\">Loma Prieta earthquake</a> in 1989 as well as the 1906 earthquake. In late 2015, the church held a farewell Christmas concert. The church building was sold to become the headquarters of Jeremy's, a local women's clothing chain, but the owner of the chain announced in early November 2016 that these plans had fallen through due to permitting delays. <sup>3, 4, 5</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tIn July of 2019, a relatively new church known as Resurrection Oakland Church purchased the property, and began holding services in the building on September 15, 2019. <sup>6</sup>\u00a0 Nzilani Glass of Oakland in February 2020 completed a six-month restoration project to conserve the\u00a0<span>sanctuary's large 12 panel, inverted stained-glass dome.\u00a0</span><span>The \"Stained Glass Dome Conservation of Resurrection Oakland\" was the winner of a 2020 Preservation Design Award for Rehabilitation. <sup>7</sup></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe original First Church of Christ, Scientist has consolidated with the Tenth Church of Christ, Scientist, and the consolidated First Church meets in the former Tenth Church's building at 1880 Mountain Blvd., Oakland.\u00a0<sup>8</sup></p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/CPF_06_ResOak_from-scaffoldAFTER-scaled.jpg\" style=\"width: 225px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 225px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Restored stained-glass dome</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_3851.JPG\" style=\"width: 453px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 453px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span></p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ol>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130629042440/http://www.careyandco.com/churchscientist.htm\">http://www.careyandco.com</a> <em>(via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)</em></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.holanarchitects.com/religious-first-church\">Jerri Holan and Associates</a> website (includes photos of the windows)</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_29361019/allen-oakland-historic-church-be-womens-clothing-store\">Oakland historic church to be women's clothing store</a> by Annalee Allen <em>Oakland Tribune</em> January 8, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2016/11/09/longtime-bay-area-retailer-jeremys-to-close-for-good-withdraws-plans-for-oakland-store/\">Bay Area retailer Jeremy's withdraws plans for Oakland</a>, Anne Sciacca, <em>East Bay Times</em>, November 10, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.jeremys.com/\">Jeremys</a> website</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://resoakland.com/\">Resurrection Oakland website</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/\">https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://ChristianScienceOakland.org\">First Church of Christ, Scientist</a> website</li>\n</ol>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": "Redirect created", "history_date": "2020-10-19T12:16:15.069", "history_type": 2, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/102087/", "history_user_ip": "67.170.225.140" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376684/", "name": "Resurrection Oakland Church", "slug": "resurrection oakland church", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC09774.JPG\" style=\"width: 350px; height: 233px;\"><span style=\"width: 350px;\" class=\"image_caption\">photo by <a href=\"Users%2Fmk30\">mk30</a></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe building at 1701 Franklin St. in downtown Oakland is a Romanesque-Revival-style church built by First Church of Christ, Scientist, Oakland. The cornerstone was laid in 1900 and the building was opened and dedicated free of debt on January 5, 1902 <sup>1</sup>. Designed by <a href=\"Henry%20A.%20Schulze\">Henry A. Schulze</a> out of Nevada lava stone over a granite base,\u00a0<sup>1</sup>\u00a0the church has a number of large original stained-glass windows that were designed by Charles Grolle and made in Chicago, Illinois by the firm of Flanagan and Biedenweg. <sup>2</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tMinor repairs were needed to the church following the <a href=\"Loma%20Prieta\">Loma Prieta earthquake</a> in 1989 as well as the 1906 earthquake. In late 2015, the church held a farewell Christmas concert. The church building was sold to become the headquarters of Jeremy's, a local women's clothing chain, but the owner of the chain announced in early November 2016 that these plans had fallen through due to permitting delays. <sup>3, 4, 5</sup></p>\n<p>\n\tIn July of 2019, a relatively new church known as Resurrection Oakland Church purchased the property, and began holding services in the building on September 15, 2019. <sup>6</sup>\u00a0 Nzilani Glass of Oakland in February 2020 completed a six-month restoration project to conserve the\u00a0<span>sanctuary's large 12 panel, inverted stained-glass dome.\u00a0</span><span>The \"Stained Glass Dome Conservation of Resurrection Oakland\" was the winner of a 2020 Preservation Design Award for Rehabilitation. <sup>7</sup></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe original First Church of Christ, Scientist has consolidated with the Tenth Church of Christ, Scientist, and the consolidated First Church meets in the former Tenth Church's building at 1880 Mountain Blvd., Oakland.\u00a0<sup>8</sup></p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/CPF_06_ResOak_from-scaffoldAFTER-scaled.jpg\" style=\"width: 225px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 225px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Restored stained-glass dome</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_3851.JPG\" style=\"width: 453px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 453px;\" class=\"image_caption\"><em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span></p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ol>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://web.archive.org/web/20130629042440/http://www.careyandco.com/churchscientist.htm\">http://www.careyandco.com</a> <em>(via Internet Archive's Wayback Machine)</em></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.holanarchitects.com/religious-first-church\">Jerri Holan and Associates</a> website (includes photos of the windows)</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.contracostatimes.com/breaking-news/ci_29361019/allen-oakland-historic-church-be-womens-clothing-store\">Oakland historic church to be women's clothing store</a> by Annalee Allen <em>Oakland Tribune</em> January 8, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.eastbaytimes.com/2016/11/09/longtime-bay-area-retailer-jeremys-to-close-for-good-withdraws-plans-for-oakland-store/\">Bay Area retailer Jeremy's withdraws plans for Oakland</a>, Anne Sciacca, <em>East Bay Times</em>, November 10, 2016</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.jeremys.com/\">Jeremys</a> website</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://resoakland.com/\">Resurrection Oakland website</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/\">https://californiapreservation.org/awards/stained-glass-conservation/</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://ChristianScienceOakland.org\">First Church of Christ, Scientist</a> website</li>\n</ol>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": "Renamed from \"First Church of Christ, Scientist\"", "history_date": "2020-10-19T12:16:14.518", "history_type": 0, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/102087/", "history_user_ip": "67.170.225.140" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376683/", "name": "Sacramento Northern Railway", "slug": "sacramento northern railway", "content": "<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/364.jpg\" style=\"width: 350px; height: 196px;\"><span style=\"width: 350px;\" class=\"image_caption\">SNR crossing Thornhill at Moraga<br>\n\t<em>photo from Pacific Rail News </em><sup>1</sup></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\tThe <strong>Sacramento Northern Railway</strong> (SNR) was an electric interurban railroad (1928\u2013c.1965) that ran between Oakland and Chico. It handled both passengers and freight, and ran over <a href=\"Lake%20Temescal\">Lake Temescal</a> and through <a href=\"Montclair%20Village\">Montclair Village</a>. Between 1939\u201341, its passenger trains went all the way to San Francisco via the Bay Bridge, ending at the Transbay Terminal.</p>\n<h3>\n\tHistory</h3>\n<p>\n\tThe SNR was originally two separate railroads. In 1928, the Northern Electric Railway (Chico to Sacramento) and the Oakland, Antioch, and Eastern Railway (Oakland to Sacramento) were joined at Sacramento to form the Sacramento Northern Railway.</p>\n<p>\n\tThe SNR\u02bcs yard and machine shop (where <a href=\"Users%2FGene\">Gene</a>\u2019s grandfather worked) lay at the end of its right-of-way, at 40th and Shafter (2016 site of \u201c<a href=\"Homeroom\">Homeroom</a>\u201d). There, trains connected to <a href=\"Key%20System\">Key System</a> tracks along 40th, leading to the <a href=\"Key%20System%20Mole\">Key System Mole</a>, and later across the Bay Bridge. North of its yard, the railroad ran up Shafter Avenue, crossed College Avenue, and climbed up to Lake Temescal, where it ran along the eastern shore, and crossed a former extension of the lake. It ran through Montclair Village and up <a href=\"Shepherd%20Canyon\">Shepherd Canyon</a>. The <a href=\"http://www.wplives.org/sn/havens.html\">Havens Station</a> (named for developer <a href=\"Frank%20Havens\">Frank C. Havens</a>) was near Paso Robles, and then the train entered a <a href=\"Redwood%20Peak%20Tunnel\">3200\u2032 tunnel</a> [or 3600\u2032 or 3700\u2032] near Park Boulevard (later renamed Shepherd Canyon Road) and Saroni. It <a href=\"https://goo.gl/maps/AUViMXEJMZF2\">exited the tunnel</a> in Contra Costa county, near Pinehurst Road and <a href=\"Huckleberry%20Botanic%20Regional%20Preserve\">Huckleberry Botanic Regional Reserve</a> where the Eastport Station was. From there, it ran near the town of Canyon, thence to Moraga (there was a station near Saint Mary\u2019s College) and Lafayette.</p>\n<p>\n\tConspiracy theorists will note that GM, Firestone, Standard Oil and other companies <a href=\"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_American_streetcar_scandal\">really did conspire</a> to \u201cdo in\u201d electric streetcars and interurban railways around the U.S. But the Sacramento Northern also faced increasing competition from shorter, less steep railroad routes, <sup>3</sup> as well as changes in businesses that were formerly customers of its freight service.</p>\n<p>\n\tThe railroad included passenger service until 1940, while freight service ended in the 1960s. The SNR ceased running from Oakland to Lafayette in 1957, when its rails and overhead wires were removed and the tunnel sealed. The last remnants of the Sacramento Northern were officially folded into the Union Pacific in 1983.</p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/407.jpg\" style=\"width: 385px; height: 224px;\"><span style=\"width: 385px;\" class=\"image_caption\">shops at 40th and Shafter <sup>1</sup></span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/image.jpg\" style=\"width: 308px; height: 224px;\"><span style=\"width: 308px;\" class=\"image_caption\">trestle over Lake Temescal being constructed</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/route%20map.jpg\" style=\"width: 148px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 148px;\" class=\"image_caption\">1939 route map <sup>1</sup></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/s-l500.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 197px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">OA&amp;E postcard <em>circa</em> 1910<br>\n\t\"The Comet\" passing through Redwood Canyon<br>\n\t(found on <a href=\"http://www.ebay.com/itm/112409294169\">eBay</a>)</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/s-l64.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 197px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">Reverse side of OA&amp;E 1910 postcard</span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/1917_OAandE_map.jpg\" style=\"width: 296px; height: 300px;\"><span style=\"width: 296px;\" class=\"image_caption\">1917 OA&amp;E Route Map <sup>4</sup></span></span></p>\n<h3>\n\tPresent-Day Remnants</h3>\n<p>\n\tA number of remnants survive in today\u02bcs Oakland.</p>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\tThe <a href=\"Montclair%20Railroad%20Trail\">Montclair Railroad Trail</a> follows the right-of-way from behind Montclair Village up along Shepherd Canyon to Saroni Drive; quite prominent is the \u201cMelin Cut\u201d, where the right-of-way curves into Shepherd Canyon.</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSeveral interpretive panels along the trail tell of the Sacramento Northern Railway, the never-built <a href=\"Unbuilt%20Oakland\">Highway 77</a>, and other pieces of local history. There is also an interpretive panel about the trains at Lake Temescal. These were placed as an Eagle Scout project by Daniel Levy.</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tNear <a href=\"Montclair%20Park\">Montclair Park</a> are <a href=\"https://goo.gl/maps/1Sg6eoFVYJM2\">a pair of large concrete abutments</a>, once part of a bridge where the train crossed Mountain Boulevard. Not far away is the \u201c<a href=\"https://goo.gl/maps/jE4QxvaJxaT2\">Short Line Pocket Park</a>\u201d which marks one end of a bridge where the train crossed Thornhill.</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tIn 1994, developers filled in part of the ravine approaching the Redwood Peak tunnel (reportedly part of the tunnel portal had been visible from the yard of one of the houses). This changed the local drainage, and at least one house over the tunnel subsided and had to be removed. <sup>2</sup></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSome of the Sacramento Northern\u02bcs rolling stock and other items are preserved at the Western Railway Museum in Suisun City.</li>\n</ul>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/--vwvwrK_GXI/TjS1RG2QdbI/AAAAAAAAHG8/WFmwYZFksWY/s912/DSC_5862.JPG\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 199px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">interpretive sign on the railroad trail<br>\n\t<em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/IMG_1469.JPG\" style=\"width: 267px; height: 200px;\"><span style=\"width: 267px;\" class=\"image_caption\">SN bridge abutments<br>\n\t<em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_4924.JPG\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 199px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">boxcar at Western Railway Museum<br>\n\t<em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_5127.JPG\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 199px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">freight locomotive #652 at WRM<br>\n\t<em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span><span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/DSC_5172.JPG\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 199px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">passenger car+engine \u201cComet\u201d<br>\n\t<em>CC SA-BY <a href=\"Our%20Oakland\">Our Oakland</a></em></span></span></p>\n<p>\n\t<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/sn%20yard%2000727_03_1950-9-0348.jpg\" style=\"width: 600px; height: 282px;\"><span style=\"width: 600px;\" class=\"image_caption\">yard at 40th and Shafter, from 1950 Sanborn map</span></span></p>\n<h2>\n\tLinks and References</h2>\n<ol>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.oberail.org/page/sacramento_northern/\">Sacramento Northern</a> at Daniel Levy\u2019s <a href=\"http://www.oberail.org/\">OB&amp;E website</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sacramento_Northern_Railway\">Sacramento Northern Railway</a> on Wikipedia</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.oaklandurbanpaths.org/2012/07/oup-walk-montclair/\">Oakland Urban Paths: Montclair</a> walk</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.cowellhistoricalsociety.org/html/oa_er.html\">Oakland, Antioch &amp; Eastern Railway</a> on Cowell Historical Society website</li>\n</ol>\n<ul>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.eastbayhillsproject.org/\">East Bay Hills Project</a> by Stuart J. Swiedler\u2014lots of great photos and the context around them</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.bayarearails.org/intmaps/\">Bay Area Rails: Then and Now</a>\u2014maps and photos</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<em>History of Montclair\u2019s Trains</em> at the <a href=\"http://www.montclairrrtrail.org/railroad-to-trail-history.html\">Friends of Montclair Railroad Trail</a> website</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.wrm.org/about/sacramento_northern.htm\">Sacramento Northern</a> at the <a href=\"http://www.wrm.org\">Western Railway Museum</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.wplives.org/sn\">Sacramento Northern Online</a> (SN On-line), part of the Western Pacific Railroad Museum</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"Vernon%20J.%20Sappers\">Vernon J. Sappers</a>, historian and author</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSN On-line <a href=\"http://www.wplives.org/sn/shafter.html\">Article about the 40th/Shafter yard</a> showing layout of buildings and tracks at the site</li>\n\t<li>\n\t\tSN On-line Article about the <a href=\"http://www.wplives.org/sn/havens.html\">Havens Station</a></li>\n\t<li>\n\t\t<a href=\"http://www.indiebound.org/book/9780738530529\">Sacramento Northern Railway</a> by Paul Trimble, Arcadia Publishing</li>\n</ul>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/340/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T11:26:04.558", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/3242/", "history_user_ip": "2600:1702:2770:bc20:90b2:b4e6:b7b8:75f3" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376682/", "name": "Users/CBDLotionforPain", "slug": "users/cbdlotionforpain", "content": "<p>\n\[email protected] offers a wide range of 100% US made, premium quality, affordable and accessible CBD Lotion for Pain, Topical CBD, CBD for Pain and all things related to CBD Topicals. #emperoronecbd<br>\n\t<br>\n\tEmperorOne CBD<br>\n\t4105 Transport Way STE 1 Weston, WI 54476 United States<br>\n\t(715) 298-3341<br>\n\t<br>\n\t<a href=\"https://emperoronecbd.com/cbd-lotion-for-pain/\">https://emperoronecbd.com/cbd-lotion-for-pain/</a></p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/3/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T10:26:35.902", "history_type": 0, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/102952/", "history_user_ip": "116.204.148.104" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376681/", "name": "\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u3072\u308d\u3070", "slug": "\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u3072\u308d\u306f", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>\u3053\u3053\u3067\u306f\u3001\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u3072\u308d\u3070 \u306b\u3064\u3044\u3066\u7d39\u4ecb\u3057\u307e\u3059\u3002</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u5728\u6240\uff1a<a href=\"https://umap.openstreetmap.fr/ja/map/map_482740#19/34.89230/135.80599\"><strong>\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u84ee\u83ef\uff15\uff0d\uff12</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u30dd\u30a4\u30f3\u30c8\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u3053\u306e\u5e83\u5834\u306f\u3001\u5e73\u6210\uff11\uff15\u5e74\uff082003\uff09\u5b87\u6cbb\u30e9\u30a4\u30aa\u30f3\u30ba\u30af\u30e9\u30d6\u306b\u3088\u3063\u3066\u6574\u5099\u3055\u308c\u305f\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u95a2\u9023\u5199\u771f\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/1.%E5%A4%A2%E6%B5%AE%E6%A9%8B%E3%81%B2%E3%82%8D%E3%81%B0%E5%85%A8%E6%99%AF2020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u3072\u308d\u3070\u5168\u666f2020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/2.%E6%A1%88%E5%86%85%E6%9D%BF%EF%BC%88%E5%A4%A2%E6%B5%AE%E6%A9%8B%E3%81%B2%E3%82%8D%E3%81%B0%EF%BC%892020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u6848\u5185\u677f\uff08\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u3072\u308d\u3070\uff092020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/3.%E7%B4%AB%E5%BC%8F%E9%83%A8%E5%83%8F2020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\u50cf2020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/4.%E6%A1%88%E5%86%85%E6%9D%BF%EF%BC%88%E7%B4%AB%E5%BC%8F%E9%83%A8%EF%BC%892020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u6848\u5185\u677f\uff08\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\uff092020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/5.%E6%A8%99%E6%9F%B1%E3%80%81%E6%A8%99%E7%9F%B3%EF%BC%88%E5%A4%A2%E6%B5%AE%E6%A9%8B%E5%8F%A4%E5%A2%B3%EF%BC%892020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u6a19\u67f1\u3001\u6a19\u77f3\uff08\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u53e4\u8de1\uff092020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u88dc\u8db3\u8aac\u660e\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u73fe\u5730\u6848\u5185\u677f\u300c\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u300d\u3088\u308a</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u3068\u5b87\u6cbb</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u300c\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u300d\u306f\uff11\uff11\u4e16\u7d00\u521d\u3081\u3053\u308d\u4f5c\u3089\u308c\u305f\u9577\u7de8\u5c0f\u8aac\u3067\u3059\u3002\u4f5c\u8005\u306f\u85e4\u539f\u5f70\u5b50\u306b\u4ed5\u3048\u3066\u3044\u305f\u5973\u623f\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\u3067\u3042\u308b\u3068\u4f1d\u3048\u3089\u308c\u3066\u3044\u307e\u3059\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u7269\u8a9e\u306f\u5168\u90e8\u3067\uff15\uff14\u5e16\uff08\u5dfb\uff09\u304b\u3089\u306a\u308a\u307e\u3059\u3002\u3053\u306e\u3046\u3061\u6700\u5f8c\u306e\u5341\u5e16\u306f\u3001\u5149\u6e90\u6c0f\u306e\u606f\u5b50\u85ab\u3084\u5b6b\u306e\u5302\u5bae\u3068\u5b87\u6cbb\u306b\u4f4f\u3080\uff13\u59c9\u59b9\u3068\u306e\u5b9f\u3089\u306c\u604b\u306e\u7269\u8a9e\u3067\u3001\u7279\u306b\u300c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5341\u5e16\u300d\u3068\u547c\u3073\u307e\u3059\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u300c\u6a58\u59eb\u300d\u3067\u306f\u3058\u307e\u308a\u3001\u300c\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u300d\u3067\u304a\u308f\u308b\u300c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5341\u5e16\u300d\u306b\u306f\u3001\u671d\u9727\u306b\u3051\u3080\u308b\u5b87\u6cbb\u5ddd\u306e\u6d41\u308c\u304c\u4e0d\u53ef\u6b20\u3067\u3057\u305f\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u300c\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u300d\u306f\u5b9f\u8a71\u3067\u306f\u3042\u308a\u307e\u305b\u3093\u304c\u3001\u3044\u3064\u306e\u9803\u304b\u3089\u304b\u3001\u7269\u8a9e\u306e\u821e\u53f0\u306f\u3053\u3053\u3067\u3042\u3063\u3066\u307b\u3057\u3044\u3068\u3044\u3046\u4eba\u3005\u306e\u601d\u3044\u306b\u3088\u3063\u3066\u3001\u5b87\u6cbb\u5ddd\u5468\u8fba\u306b\u5b87\u6cbb\u5341\u5e16\u306e\u53e4\u8de1\u304c\u4f5c\u3089\u308c\u307e\u3057\u305f\u3002\u3044\u307e\u53e4\u8de1\u3092\u8a2a\u306d\u308b\u3053\u3068\u3067\u3001\u9060\u304f\u738b\u671d\u6587\u5b66\u306e\u4e16\u754c\u3092\u3057\u306e\u3076\u3053\u3068\u304c\u3067\u304d\u307e\u3059\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2461\uff0e\u73fe\u5730\u6848\u5185\u677f\u300c\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\uff08978\uff5e1016\uff1f\uff09\u300d\u3088\u308a</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\u306f\u300c\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u300d\uff15\uff14\u5e16\u306e\u4f5c\u8005\u3068\u3057\u3066\u77e5\u3089\u308c\u308b\u5973\u6d41\u6587\u5b66\u8005\u3002\u3053\u3053\u5b87\u6cbb\u5ddd\u306e\u7554\u4e00\u5e2f\u306b\u83ef\u3084\u304b\u306a\u8cb4\u65cf\u6587\u5316\u306e\u306f\u306a\u304c\u958b\u3044\u305f\u738b\u671d\u6642\u4ee3\u306b\u767b\u5834\u3057\u305f\u624d\u5973\u3068\u306f\u77e5\u3089\u308c\u3066\u3044\u3066\u3082\u3001\u305d\u306e\u751f\u6daf\u306b\u306f\u8b0e\u304c\u591a\u304f\u3001\u751f\u30fb\u6ca1\u5e74\u3055\u3048\u6b63\u78ba\u306b\u306f\u308f\u304b\u3063\u3066\u3044\u306a\u3044\u3002\uff19\uff19\uff19\u5e74\u9803\u85e4\u539f\u5ba3\u5b5d\u3068\u7d50\u3070\u308c\u305f\u304c\u3001\u5ba3\u5b5d\u306e\u6b7b\u5f8c\u306f\u5be1\u5a66\u751f\u6d3b\u306e\u65e5\u3092\u9001\u308a\u3001\u300c\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u300d\u306e\u57f7\u7b46\u306f\u3053\u306e\u9803\u304b\u3089\u59cb\u3081\u3089\u308c\u305f\u3089\u3057\u3044\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u3084\u304c\u3066\u4eca\u3092\u3068\u304d\u3081\u304f\u5de6\u5927\u81e3\u85e4\u539f\u9053\u9577\u304b\u3089\u3001\u4e00\u6761\u5929\u7687\u306e\u4e2d\u5bae\u306b\u306a\u3063\u305f\u5a18\u306e\u5f70\u5b50\u306e\u5973\u623f\u3068\u3057\u3066\u4ed5\u3048\u308b\u3088\u3046\u306b\u3068\u53ec\u3057\u51fa\u3055\u308c\u3001\u5bae\u4ed5\u3048\u306e\u8eab\u3068\u306a\u308b\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u300c\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u300d\u304c\u5f53\u6642\u306e\u5bae\u5ef7\u793e\u4f1a\u306e\u5b9f\u60c5\u3092\u30ea\u30a2\u30eb\u306b\u63cf\u5199\u3057\u3001\u56e0\u679c\u5fdc\u916c\u306e\u4eba\u751f\u89b3\u3092\u6709\u3059\u308b\u4eba\u9593\u6027\u3092\u8ffd\u6c42\u3057\u305f\u9577\u7de8\u306b\u307e\u3068\u3081\u3089\u308c\u3066\u3044\u308b\u306e\u306f\u3001\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\u81ea\u8eab\u306e\u5883\u9047\u306b\u3088\u308b\u3082\u306e\u3067\u3042\u308d\u3046\u3068\u601d\u308f\u308c\u308b\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\u306b\u306f\u3001\u5973\u623f\u3068\u3057\u3066\u5bae\u4ed5\u3048\u3092\u3057\u3066\u3044\u305f\u3053\u308d\u306e\u751f\u6d3b\u3092\u7db4\u3063\u305f\u300c\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\u65e5\u8a18\u300d\uff081008\u79cb\uff5e1010\u6625\uff09\u3084\u3001\u6b4c\u4eba\u3068\u3057\u3066\u306e\u975e\u51e1\u306a\u624d\u80fd\u304c\u77e5\u3089\u308c\u308b\u300c\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8\u96c6\u300d\u304c\u3042\u308a\u3001\u5f53\u6642\u306e\u516c\u5bb6\u306e\u3088\u3046\u3059\u3092\u4f1d\u3048\u308b\u8cb4\u91cd\u306a\u907a\u4f5c\u3068\u306a\u3063\u3066\u3044\u308b\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u53c2\u8003\u60c5\u5831\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\tWikipedia\uff1a<a href=\"https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%B4%AB%E5%BC%8F%E9%83%A8\"><strong>\u7d2b\u5f0f\u90e8</strong></a></p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/960/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T09:27:18.327", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/36498/", "history_user_ip": "182.165.234.230" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376680/", "name": "\u4eac\u90fd\u5e9c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02", "slug": "\u4eac\u90fd\u5e9c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>\u3053\u3053\u3067\u306f\u3001\u4eac\u90fd\u5e9c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02 \uff08\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u5468\u8fba\uff09\u306b\u3064\u3044\u3066\u7d39\u4ecb\u3057\u307e\u3059\u3002</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u203b\u3000<a href=\"https://umap.openstreetmap.fr/ja/map/map_482740#17/34.89093/135.81016\"><strong>\u914d\u7f6e\u56f3\u304b\u3089\u306e\u691c\u7d22</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t\uff11\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E4%BA%AC%E9%98%AA%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E9%A7%85\">\u4eac\u962a\u5b87\u6cbb\u99c5</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t\uff12\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E6%A9%8B\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u6a4b</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t\uff13\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%A4%A2%E6%B5%AE%E6%A9%8B%E3%81%B2%E3%82%8D%E3%81%B0\">\u5922\u6d6e\u6a4b\u3072\u308d\u3070</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t\uff14\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E7%B8%A3%E7%A5%9E%E7%A4%BE%E5%A4%A7%E9%B3%A5%E5%B1%85\">\u7e23\u795e\u793e\u5927\u9ce5\u5c45</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t\uff15\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E6%A9%8B%E5%A7%AB%E7%A5%9E%E7%A4%BE\">\u6a4b\u59eb\u795e\u793e</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u5b87\u6cbb\u6a4b\u306e\u5b88\u8b77\u795e\u3001\u7e01\u5207\u308a\u795e\u793e\u3068\u3057\u3066\u3082\u6709\u540d</p>\n<p>\n\t\uff16\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E3%81%82%E3%81%8C%E3%81%9F%E9%80%9A%E3%82%8A\">\u3042\u304c\u305f\u901a\u308a</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t\uff17\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E7%B8%A3%EF%BC%88%E3%81%82%E3%81%8C%E3%81%9F%EF%BC%89%E7%A5%9E%E7%A4%BE\">\u7e23\uff08\u3042\u304c\u305f\uff09\u795e\u793e</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\uff1b</p>\n<p>\n\t\uff18\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%B9%B3%E7%AD%89%E9%99%A2%E8%A1%A8%E5%8F%82%E9%81%93\">\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u8868\u53c2\u9053</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t\uff19\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E8%93%AE%E8%8F%AF%E5%9C%B0%E8%94%B5\">\u84ee\u83ef\u5730\u8535</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t10\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E4%B8%96%E7%95%8C%E9%81%BA%E7%94%A3%E5%B9%B3%E7%AD%89%E9%99%A2\">\u4e16\u754c\u907a\u7523\u5e73\u7b49\u9662</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u5165\u5c71\u6599600\u5186\u8981</p>\n<p>\n\t11\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E3%81%82%E3%81%98%E3%82%8D%E3%81%8E%E3%81%AE%E9%81%93\">\u3042\u3058\u308d\u304e\u306e\u9053</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u5e73\u7b49\u9662\u3068\u5b87\u6cbb\u5ddd\u306e\u9593\u306e\u904a\u6b69\u9053</p>\n<p>\n\t12\uff0e<a href=\"%E6%A9%98%E6%A9%8B\">\u6a58\u6a4b</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a<span style=\"\">\u3042\u3058\u308d\u304e\u306e\u9053\u304b\u3089\u5b87\u6cbb\u516c\u5712\uff08\u6a58\u5cf6\uff09\u306b\u6e21\u308b\u6a4b</span></p>\n<p>\n\t13\uff0e<a href=\"%E4%B9%85%E7%BE%8E%E5%AD%90%E3%83%99%E3%83%B3%E3%83%81\">\u4e45\u7f8e\u5b50\u30d9\u30f3\u30c1</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u4eac\u30a2\u30cb\u30e1\u300c\u97ff\u3051\uff01\u30e6\u30fc\u30d5\u30a9\u30cb\u30a2\u30e0\u300d\u306e\u8056\u5730</p>\n<p>\n\t14\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E5%B8%82%E5%96%B6%E8%8C%B6%E5%AE%A4%E5%AF%BE%E9%B3%B3%E5%BA%B5\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u55b6\u8336\u5ba4\u5bfe\u9cf3\u5eb5</a></strong>\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t14\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E5%B8%82%E8%A6%B3%E5%85%89%E3%82%BB%E3%83%B3%E3%82%BF%E3%83%BC\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u89b3\u5149\u30bb\u30f3\u30bf\u30fc</a></strong>\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t15\uff0e<a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E5%B7%9D%E3%81%AE%E9%B5%9C%E9%A3%BC\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u5ddd\u306e\u9d5c\u98fc</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u5bfe\u5cb8\u306e\u516c\u5712\u5185\u306b\u98fc\u80b2\u65bd\u8a2d\u3042\u308a</p>\n<p>\n\t16\uff0e<a href=\"%E5%96%9C%E6%92%B0%E6%A9%8B\">\u559c\u64b0\u6a4b</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u3042\u3058\u308d\u304e\u306e\u9053\u304b\u3089\u5b87\u6cbb\u516c\u5712\uff08\u5854\u306e\u5cf6\uff09\u306b\u6e21\u308b\u6a4b</p>\n<p>\n\t17\uff0e<a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E5%85%AC%E5%9C%92%EF%BC%88%E5%A1%94%E3%81%AE%E5%B3%B6%EF%BC%89\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u516c\u5712\uff08\u5854\u306e\u5cf6\uff09</a>\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t18\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%8D%81%E4%B8%89%E9%87%8D%E7%9F%B3%E5%A1%94\">\u5341\u4e09\u91cd\u77f3\u5854</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u56fd\u91cd\u8981\u6587\u5316\u8ca1</p>\n<p>\n\t19\uff0e<a href=\"%E4%B8%AD%E5%B3%B6%E6%A9%8B\">\u4e2d\u5cf6\u6a4b</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u5b87\u6cbb\u516c\u5712\u306e\u5854\u306e\u5cf6\u3068\u6a58\u5cf6\u3092\u7d50\u3076\u6a4b</p>\n<p>\n\t20\uff0e<a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E5%85%AC%E5%9C%92%EF%BC%88%E6%A9%98%E5%B3%B6%EF%BC%89\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u516c\u5712\uff08\u6a58\u5cf6\uff09</a>\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t21\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E5%B7%9D%E5%85%88%E9%99%A3%E4%B9%8B%E7%A2%91\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u5ddd\u5148\u9663\u4e4b\u7891</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u7fa9\u7d4c\u8ecd\u306e\u68b6\u539f\u6e90\u592a\u666f\u5b63\u3068\u4f50\u3005\u6728\u53f2\u90ce\u9ad8\u7db1\u304c\u5148\u9663\u4e89\u3044\u3092\u3057\u305f\u5834\u6240</p>\n<p>\n\t22\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E3%81%82%E3%81%95%E3%81%8E%E3%82%8A%E6%A9%8B\">\u3042\u3055\u304e\u308a\u6a4b</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u5b87\u6cbb\u516c\u5712\uff08\u6a58\u5cf6\uff09\u304b\u3089\u5b87\u6cbb\u795e\u793e\u9ce5\u5c45\u524d\u306b\u4e98\u308b\u6a4b</p>\n<p>\n\t23\uff0e<a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E8%8C%B6%E5%B7%A5%E6%88%BF\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u8336\u5de5\u623f</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a</p>\n<p>\n\t24\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E8%A6%B3%E6%B5%81%E6%A9%8B\">\u89b3\u6d41\u6a4b</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u5b87\u6cbb\u767a\u96fb\u6240\u306e\u653e\u6c34\u8def\u306b\u67b6\u304b\u308b\u6a4b</p>\n<p>\n\t25\uff0e<a href=\"%E8%88%88%E8%81%96%E5%AF%BA\">\u8208\u8056\u5bfa</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a<span style=\"\">\u66f9\u6d1e\u5b97\u5bfa\u9662\u3001\u5165\u5c71\u6599500\u5186\u8981</span></p>\n<p>\n\t26\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E7%A5%9E%E7%A4%BE\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u795e\u793e</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u56fd\u91cd\u8981\u6587\u5316\u8ca1</p>\n<p>\n\t27\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E4%B8%8A%E7%A5%9E%E7%A4%BE\">\u5b87\u6cbb\u4e0a\u795e\u793e</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u56fd\u5b9d\u30fb\u56fd\u91cd\u8981\u6587\u5316\u8ca1\u3001\u4e16\u754c\u907a\u7523\u767b\u9332</p>\n<p>\n\t28\uff0e<a href=\"%E3%81%95%E3%82%8F%E3%82%89%E3%81%B3%E3%81%AE%E9%81%93\">\u3055\u308f\u3089\u3073\u306e\u9053</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u5b87\u6cbb\u795e\u793e\u304b\u3089\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u30df\u30e5\u30fc\u30b8\u30a2\u30e0\u306b\u81f3\u308b\u904a\u6b69\u9053</p>\n<p>\n\t29\uff0e<strong><a href=\"%E7%B7%8F%E8%A7%92%E3%81%AE%E5%8F%A4%E8%B7%A1\">\u7dcf\u89d2\u306e\u53e4\u8de1</a></strong>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u3000\u5b87\u6cbb\u5341\u5e16\u3000\u6240\u7e01\u306e\u53e4\u8de1</p>\n<p>\n\t30\uff0e<a href=\"%E6%BA%90%E6%B0%8F%E7%89%A9%E8%AA%9E%E3%83%9F%E3%83%A5%E3%83%BC%E3%82%B8%E3%82%A2%E3%83%A0\">\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u30df\u30e5\u30fc\u30b8\u30a2\u30e0</a>\uff1a\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u95a2\u9023\u8cc7\u6599\uff08\u6709\u6599\uff09\u3068\u56f3\u66f8\u9928\u3001\u55ab\u8336\u5ba4\u3092\u5099\u3048\u305f\u5e02\u55b6\u6587\u5316\u65bd\u8a2d</p>\n<p>\n\t31\uff0e<a href=\"%E6%BA%90%E6%B0%8F%E3%81%AE%E9%81%93\">\u6e90\u6c0f\u306e\u9053</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u30df\u30e5\u30fc\u30b8\u30a2\u30e0\u3092\u56f2\u3080\u6797\u306e\u4e2d\u306e\u904a\u6b69\u9053</p>\n<p>\n\t32\uff0e<a href=\"%E3%81%8B%E3%81%92%E3%82%8D%E3%81%86%E3%81%AE%E9%81%93\">\u304b\u3052\u308d\u3046\u306e\u9053</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u30df\u30e5\u30fc\u30b8\u30a2\u30e0\u304b\u3089\u4e09\u5ba4\u6238\u5bfa\u306b\u901a\u3058\u308b\u904a\u6b69\u9053\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t33\uff0e<a href=\"%E4%B8%89%E5%AE%A4%E6%88%B8%E5%AF%BA\">\u4e09\u5ba4\u6238\u5bfa</a>\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\uff1a\u672c\u5c71\u4fee\u9a13\u5b97\u5bfa\u9662\u3001\u5225\u540d\u3042\u3058\u3055\u3044\u5bfa\u3068\u3082\u4e91\u308f\u308c\u308b\u3002</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/960/", "history_comment": null, "history_date": "2020-10-19T09:21:38.614", "history_type": 1, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/36498/", "history_user_ip": "182.165.234.230" }, { "url": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/pages_history/1376679/", "name": "\u7dcf\u89d2\u306e\u53e4\u58b3", "slug": "\u7dcf\u89d2\u306e\u53e4\u58b3", "content": "<p>\n\t<strong>\u3053\u3053\u3067\u306f\u3001\u7dcf\u89d2\uff08\uff71\uff79\uff9e\uff8f\uff77\uff09\u306e\u53e4\u8de1 \u306b\u3064\u3044\u3066\u7d39\u4ecb\u3057\u307e\u3059\u3002</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u5728\u6240\uff1a<a href=\"https://umap.openstreetmap.fr/ja/map/map_482740#18/34.89272/135.81128\"><strong>\u4eac\u90fd\u5e9c\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u5b87\u6cbb\u7d05\u6589</strong></a></p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u30dd\u30a4\u30f3\u30c8\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u3055\u308f\u3089\u3073\u306e\u9053\u304b\u3089\u5927\u5409\u5c71\u3078\u306e\u767b\u308a\u53e3\u306e\u5927\u304d\u306a\u6a19\u77f3\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u2461\uff0e\u6e90\u6c0f\u7269\u8a9e\u306e\u5b87\u6cbb\u5341\u5e16\u95a2\u9023\u53e4\u8de1\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u95a2\u9023\u5199\u771f\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/1.%E6%A8%99%E7%9F%B3%EF%BC%88%E7%B7%8F%E8%A7%92%E3%81%AE%E5%8F%A4%E8%B7%A1%EF%BC%892020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u6a19\u77f3\uff08\u7dcf\u89d2\u306e\u53e4\u8de1\uff092020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000<span class=\"image_frame image_frame_border\"><img src=\"_files/2.%E6%A1%88%E5%86%85%E6%9D%BF%EF%BC%88%E5%AE%87%E6%B2%BB%E5%8D%81%E5%B8%96%EF%BC%88%E4%B8%89%EF%BC%892020_09_15%20%E9%87%91%E5%8F%AA10%25.jpg\" style=\"width: 300px; height: 225px;\"><span style=\"width: 300px;\" class=\"image_caption\">\u6848\u5185\u677f\uff08\u5b87\u6cbb\u5341\u5e16\uff08\u4e09\uff092020_09_15 \u91d1\u53ea</span></span>\u00a0 \u3000</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u88dc\u8db3\u8aac\u660e\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u2460\uff0e\u8aac\u660e\u7248\uff08\u5b87\u6cbb\u5341\u5e16\uff08\u4e09\uff09\uff09\u3088\u308a</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u516b\u5bae\u306e\u4e00\u5468\u5fcc\u304c\u3081\u3050\u3063\u3066\u6765\u305f\u3002\u85ab\u541b\u306f\u4ecf\u524d\u306e\u540d\u9999\u306e\u98fe\u308a\u306b\u8a17\u3057\u3066\u3001\u5927\u541b\u3078\u306e\u601d\u3044\u3092\u8a60\u3093\u3060\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u3000\u7dcf\u89d2\u306b\u9577\u304d\u5951\u308a\u3092\u7d50\u3073\u3053\u3081</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u3000\u3000\u304a\u306a\u3058\u6240\u306b\u3088\u308a\u3082\u3042\u306f\u306a\u3080</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u5927\u541b\u306f\u7236\u5bae\u306e\u6559\u3048\u306b\u5f93\u3044\u3001\u81ea\u3089\u306f\u5b87\u6cbb\u306e\u5c71\u4f4f\u307f\u679c\u3066\u308b\u610f\u601d\u304c\u5805\u304f\u3001\u59b9\u306e\u4e2d\u541b\u3092\u3053\u305d\u85ab\u541b\u59d4\u306d\u305f\u3044\u3068\u671b\u307e\u308c\u305f\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u85ab\u541b\u306f\u4e2d\u541b\u3068\u5302\u5bae\u3068\u304c\u7d50\u3070\u308c\u308b\u3053\u3068\u306b\u3088\u3063\u3066\u3001\u5927\u541b\u306e\u5fc3\u3092\u5f97\u3088\u3046\u3068\u3055\u308c\u305f\u304c\u3001\u610f\u5916\u306a\u7d50\u679c\u306b\u4e8b\u304c\u904b\u3070\u308c\u3066\u3057\u307e\u3046\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u5302\u5bae\u306f\u4e2d\u5bae\u3068\u7d50\u3070\u308c\u305f\u304c\u3001\u6c17\u5118\u306b\u884c\u52d5\u3055\u308c\u5f97\u306a\u3044\u5fa1\u8eab\u5206\u6545\u3001\u5fc3\u306a\u3089\u305a\u3082\u5b87\u6cbb\u3078\u306e\u8a2a\u308c\u304c\u9060\u306e\u304f\u3002\u5927\u541b\u306f\u300c\u4ea1\u304d\u4eba\u306e\u5fa1\u8aeb\u3081\u306f\u304b\u304b\u308b\u4e8b\u306b\u3053\u305d\u300d\u3068\u6545\u5bae\u3092\u3057\u306e\u3070\u308c\u3001\u304b\u306a\u3057\u307f\u306e\u3042\u307e\u308a\u3001\u75c5\u306e\u5e8a\u306b\u3064\u304d\u3001\u85ab\u541b\u306e\u624b\u3042\u3064\u3044\u770b\u8b77\u306e\u3082\u3068\u306b\u3001\u51ac\u3001\u5341\u4e00\u6708\u306b\u3001\u85ab\u541b\u306e\u80f8\u306b\u6c38\u9060\u306e\u9762\u5f71\u3092\u6b8b\u3057\u3066\u3001\u5e30\u3089\u306c\u4eba\u3068\u306a\u3063\u305f\u3002</p>\n<p>\n\t\u3000\u3000\u3000\u3000\u5e73\u6210\uff11\uff18\u5e74\uff11\uff10\u6708\u3000(\u8ca1)\u5b87\u6cbb\u5e02\u6587\u5316\u8ca1\u611b\u8b77\u5354\u4f1a</p>\n<p>\n\t<strong>\u3010\u53c2\u8003\u60c5\u5831\u3011</strong></p>\n<p>\n\t\u00a0</p>\n", "region": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/regions/960/", "history_comment": "\u30ea\u30c0\u30a4\u30ec\u30af\u30c8\u304c\u4f5c\u6210\u3055\u308c\u307e\u3057\u305f", "history_date": "2020-10-19T09:19:40.779", "history_type": 2, "history_user": "https://es.localwiki.org/api/v4/users/36498/", "history_user_ip": "182.165.234.230" } ] }